From:  Jesus’ Personal Prayer Life                                           Return to Home   

By Roland H. Worth, Jr.                               © 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jesus’ Personal Prayer Life:

A Personal and Class Workbook

Lessons 7-10

 

 

 

 

Chapter Numbers and Contents

 

In Part One (previous section):

 

1                    Why the Prayer Life of Jesus is Useful to Us

 

 

ATTITUDES IN PRAYER

 

2                    Persistence

3                    Faith and Submissiveness

4                    Thankfulness

5                    Sincerity                    

 

PRAYERS CONCERNING GOD

 

6                    Respect for God

 

 

In Part Two (this section):

PRAYERS CONCERNING OTHER PEOPLE

 

7                    Forgiveness of Those Who Have Done Us Wrong

8                    The Quest for Religious Unity

 

OTHER ASPECTS OF PRAYER

  

9                    Jesus’ Public Prayers Seen By His Apostles and Disciples

10                Irrelevancies of Prayer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Translations Utilized:

NKJV             =          New King James Version (Basic Text)

 

BBE                =          Bible in Basic English

CEV                =          Contemporary English Version

ESV                 =          English Standard Version

ISV                  =          International Standard Version

GW                 =          God’s Word

Holman           =          Holman Christian Standard Bible

NASB             =          New American Standard Bible

NET                =          New English Translation (Bible)

NIV                 =          New International Version

Rotherham     =          Rotherham

TEV                =          Today’s English Version

Weymouth      =          Weymouth’s New Testament

WEB               =          World English Bible

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7:

Forgiveness of Those Who Have Done Us Wrong

 

 

I.  JESUS PRACTICED FORGIVENESS

 

 

A.  On the basis of Christ forgiving us our sins,

Paul argued that we need to

(Colossians 3:13; cf. Ephesians 4:32) . . .       [Forgive others.]

 

 

            Colossians 3:13 NKJV:  Bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if anyone has a complaint against another; even as Christ forgave you, so you also must do.

            Weymouth:  Bearing with one another and readily forgiving each other, if any one has a grievance against another. Just as the Lord has forgiven you, you also must forgive.

 

            Ephesians 4:32 NKJV:  And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God in Christ forgave you.

            NET:  Instead, be kind to one another, compassionate, forgiving one another, just as God in Christ also forgave you.

            Weymouth:  On the contrary learn to be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, just as God in Christ has also forgiven you.

 

 

 

 

B.  Jesus prayed for the forgiveness of

(Luke 23:34) . . .                                                            [Those who killed Him.]

 

 

 

            NKJV:  33 And when they had come to the place called Calvary, there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left. 34 Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.”  And they divided His garments and cast lots.

            23:34 TEV:  Jesus said, "Forgive them, Father! They don't know what they are doing." They divided his clothes among themselves by throwing dice.

            23:34 CEV:  Jesus said, "Father, forgive these people! They don't know what they're doing." While the crowd stood there watching Jesus, the soldiers gambled for his clothes.

 

 

 

If these words have specifically in mind His

executioners (the immediately following words are

about them) why would their forgiveness be

especially appropriate to pray for?         

[They weren’t responsible for what was happening; they were simply

the Roman soldiers whose job it was to carry out the execution.]   

 

 

If these words have specifically in mind those responsible

for His execution—or passively permitting it to occur—

that forgiveness was offered to them beginning

on Pentecost when (Acts 2:22-24, 36-39). . .       

[When the apostles taught them what to do to be forgiven for their sin.  In

spite of what had been done, He was still willing to receive them.  However,

neither Jesus nor the Father ever forces anyone to be forgiven unless they

wish to be.  The opportunity was given . . . Would they take advantage of it?] 

 

 

            NKJV:  22 “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know— 23 Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death; 24 whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it.

            36 “Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.”  37 Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Men and brethren, what shall we do?”  38 Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.”

 

 

 

II.  JESUS PROHIBITED THE ALTERNATIVES TO FORGIVENESS

 

 

SUCH AS . . .

 

 

Matthew 5:38-39;

Cf. Romans 12:17-21:                                                [Revenge.]

 

         

            Matthew 5 NKJV:  38 You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ 39 But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.

 

            Romans 12 NKJV:  17 Repay no one evil for evil. Have regard for good things in the sight of all men. 18 If it is possible, as much as depends on you, live peaceably with all men. 19 Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20 Therefore “If your enemy is hungry, feed him;if he is thirsty, give him a drink;for in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.” 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

 

 

Matthew 5:43-48:                                              [Hate.]

 

 

            NKJV:  3 You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ 44 But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, 45 that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. 46 For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47 And if you greet your brethren only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the tax collectors do so? 48 Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect.

 

 

Matthew 5:22;

Cf. Hebrews 12:14-15:        [Bitterness, expressed in insult or other ways.]

 

 

            Matthew 5:22 NKJV:   But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raca!’ shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of hell fire.

            NASB:  But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court; and whoever says to his brother, 'You good-for-nothing,' shall be guilty before the supreme court; and whoever says, 'You fool,' shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell.

            NET:  But I say to you that anyone who is angry with a brother will be subjected to judgment. And whoever insults a brother will be brought before the council, and whoever says 'Fool' will be sent to fiery hell.

            GW:  But I can guarantee that whoever is angry with another believer will answer for it in court. Whoever calls another believer an insulting name will answer for it in the highest court. Whoever calls another believer a fool will answer for it in hellfire.

 

            Hebrews 12:14-15 NKJV:  14 Pursue peace with all people, and holiness, without which no one will see the Lord: 15 looking carefully lest anyone fall short of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up cause trouble, and by this many become defiled.

            12:15  Weymouth:  Be carefully on your guard lest there be any one who falls back from the grace of God; lest any root bearing bitter fruit spring up and cause trouble among you, and through it the whole brotherhood be defiled.

           

           

           

 

 

 

III.  WHAT FORGIVENESS DOES NOT MEAN

 

 

That the person was right in what they did:

                     is no longer an excuse in the

sight of God (Acts 3:17, 19; 17:30.                             [Ignorance.]

 

Surely doing it knowingly would not be an

excuse either!  

 

 

            Acts 3 NKJV:  17 “Yet now, brethren, I know that you did it in ignorance, as did also your rulers. 18 But those things which God foretold by the mouth of all His prophets, that the Christ would suffer, He has thus fulfilled. 19 Repent therefore and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, so that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord

 

            Acts 17 NKJV:  30 Truly, these times of ignorance God overlooked, but now commands all men everywhere to repent, 31 because He has appointed a day on which He will judge the world in righteousness by the Man whom He has ordained. He has given assurance of this to all by raising Him from the dead.

            17:30 GW:  God overlooked the times when people didn't know any better. But now he commands everyone everywhere to turn to him and change the way they think and act.

 

 

That we must necessarily endure foul treatment

in                 (Luke 17:3).                                                             [Silence.]  

 

(Our text is specifically talking about mistreatment by a

fellow believer.  Our reaction is a test of prudence and self-control.)

 

         

            NKJV:  3 Take heed to yourselves. If your brother sins against you, rebuke him; and if he repents, forgive him. 4 And if he sins against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day returns to you, saying, ‘I repent,’ you shall forgive him.

            Weymouth:  3 Be on your guard. "If your brother acts wrongly, reprove him; and if he is sorry, forgive him;   4 and if seven times in a day he acts wrongly towards you, and seven times turns again to you and says, `I am sorry,' you must forgive him.

 

 

That we must trust them in the future:  We

must be “                 ” in regard to those who are

potentially dangerous to us (Matthew 10:16).             [“Wise.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents and harmless as doves.

            TEV:  Listen! I am sending you out just like sheep to a pack of wolves. You must be as cautious as snakes and as gentle as doves.

            Rotherham:  Lo! I, send you forth as sheep amidst wolves; become ye therefore--prudent, as serpents, and simple, as doves.

           

 

 

What attitude should forgiveness of others

produce in those guilty—especially the

person who has been guilty of a lot

(Luke 7:40-43) . . . ?                                                  [“Love.”]

 

Note that He does not say it will always

work out this way!  He only argues that it

logically should.

 

            NKJV:  40 And Jesus answered and said to him, “Simon, I have something to say to you.” So he said, “Teacher, say it.” 41 There was a certain creditor who had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. 42 And when they had nothing with which to repay, he freely forgave them both. Tell Me, therefore, which of them will love him more?” 43 Simon answered and said, “I suppose the one whom he forgave more.” And He said to him, “You have rightly judged.”

            CEV:  40 Jesus said to the Pharisee, "Simon, I have something to say to you." "Teacher, what is it?" Simon replied.  41 Jesus told him, "Two people were in debt to a moneylender. One of them owed him five hundred silver coins, and the other owed him fifty.  42 Since neither of them could pay him back, the moneylender said that they didn't have to pay him anything. Which one of them will like him more?"  43 Simon answered, "I suppose it would be the one who had owed more and didn't have to pay it back." "You are right," Jesus said.

 

 

 

 

 

IV.  OLD TESTAMENT PRECEDENT FOR FORGIVENESS RATHER THAN VINDICTIVENESS

 

 

A.  The example of Joseph.

 

 

Joseph forgave the treachery of his

brothers doing what?  (Genesis 50:15-21)         

   [Selling him into Egyptian slavery.]

 

 

            NKJV:  15 When Joseph's brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “Perhaps Joseph will hate us, and may actually repay us for all the evil which we did to him.” 16 So they sent messengers to Joseph, saying, “Before your father died he commanded, saying, 17 Thus you shall say to Joseph: “I beg you, please forgive the trespass of your brothers and their sin; for they did evil to you.” ’ Now, please, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of your father.” And Joseph wept when they spoke to him.

            18 Then his brothers also went and fell down before his face, and they said, “Behold, we are your servants.”  19 Joseph said to them, “Do not be afraid, for am I in the place of God? 20 But as for you, you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, in order to bring it about as it is this day, to save many people alive. 21 Now therefore, do not be afraid; I will provide for you and your little ones.” And he comforted them and spoke kindly to them.

            50:21 NIV:  So then, don't be afraid. I will provide for you and your children." And he reassured them and spoke kindly to them.   

 

 

. . . They recognized their               (Genesis 42:21).    [Guilt / sin.]

 

 

            NKJV:  Then they said to one another, “We are truly guilty concerning our brother, for we saw the anguish of his soul when he pleaded with us, and we would not hear; therefore this distress has come upon us.”

            ESV:  Then they said to one another, “In truth we are guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he begged us and we did not listen. That is why this distress has come upon us.”

 

 

. . . And Joseph recognized that God had bent

their evil intentions into an opportunity

to (Genesis 45:8) . . .                                              [Accomplish good.]

 

 

            NKJV:  4 And Joseph said to his brothers, “Please come near to me.” So they came near. Then he said: “I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. 5 But now, do not therefore be grieved or angry with yourselves because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. 6 For these two years the famine has been in the land, and there are still five years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. 7 And God sent me before you to preserve a posterity for you in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. 8 So now it was not you who sent me here, but God; and He has made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.

            45:8  ISV:  As a result, it wasn't you who sent me here, but God himself! He established me as a father-figure to Pharaoh himself! I'm in charge of his entire palace and ruler over the entire land of Egypt.

 

 

 

 

B.  The Old Testament prohibited the alternatives to forgiveness.

 

 

Leviticus 19 prohibits a number of ways people act, including when they do not forgive . . .

 

 

Verse 13:                          [“Cheat” or “rob” him.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  You shall not cheat your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of him who is hired shall not remain with you all night until morning.

            NIV:  Do not defraud or rob your neighbor. "'Do not hold back the wages of a hired worker overnight.

            Holman:  You must not oppress your neighbor or rob him. The wages due a hired hand must not remain with you until morning.  [Most recent translations prefer “oppress” as the rendering.]

 

 

Verse 15:                          [Doing “injustice in judgment,” i.e., using one’s

authority to do “legal” wrong to them.]

 

 

            NKJV:  You shall do no injustice in judgment. You shall not be partial to the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty. In righteousness you shall judge your neighbor.

            NIV:  Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great, but judge your neighbor fairly.

            GW:  Don't be corrupt when administering justice. Never give special favors to poor people, and never show preference to important people. Judge your neighbor fairly.

 

 

Verse 16:                          [Spread tales about them; implying lies or vast

exaggerations of what really was said or done.]

 

 

            NKJV:  You shall not go about as a talebearer among your people; nor shall you take a stand against the life of your neighbor: I am the Lord.

            NET:  You must not go about as a slanderer among your people. You must not stand idly by when your neighbor's life is at stake. I am the Lord.

 

 

Verse 17:                          [Hatred.]

 

 

            NKJV:  You shall not hate your brother in your heart. You shall surely rebuke your neighbor, and not bear sin because of him.

            GW:  Never hate another Israelite. Be sure to correct your neighbor so that you will not be guilty of sinning along with him.       

 

 

Verse 18:                          [Revenge; bear a grudge.]

 

 

            NKJV:  You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord.

            Holman:  Do not take revenge or bear a grudge against members of your community, but love your neighbor as yourself; I am Yahweh.

         

 

 

When the apostle Paul ruled out doing evil to our enemies he did so, in part, on the basis of Old Testament precedent (Romans 12:17-21).

 

 

            NKJV:  17 Repay no one evil for evil. Have regard for good things in the sight of all men. 18 If it is possible, as much as depends on you, live peaceably with all men. 19 Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.

20 Therefore “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.”  21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

21:17 ISV:  Do not pay anyone back evil for evil, but focus your thoughts on what is right in the sight of all people.

21:21 Holman:  Do not be conquered by evil, but conquer evil with good.

 

 

 

Note how He quotes Deuteronomy 32:35

about leaving vengeance to . . .                                                 [God.]

 

 

            Romans 12:19 NKJV:  Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.

 

            Deuteronomy 32 NKJV:  32 For their vine is of the vine of Sodom and of the fields of Gomorrah; their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter.  33 Their wine is the poison of serpents, and the cruel venom of cobras.  34 Is this not laid up in store with Me, sealed up among My treasures?  35 Vengeance is Mine, and recompense; their foot shall slip in due time; for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things to come hasten upon them.

            32:35 NASB:  Vengeance is Mine, and retribution, in due time their foot will slip; for the day of their calamity is near, and the impending things are hastening upon them.

            32:35 NET:  I will get revenge and pay them back at the time their foot slips; for the day of their disaster is near, and the impending judgment is rushing upon them!

         

 

He also quotes Proverbs 25:21-22 about . . .               

                                      [Even feeding your enemy when he is hungry.]

 

 

            Romans 12:20 NKJV:  Therefore “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.”

 

            Proverbs 25 NKJV:  21 If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink; 22 For so you will heap coals of fire on his head, and the Lord will reward you.

            Rotherham:  21 If he that hateth thee hunger, give him bread to eat, and, if he be thirsty, give him water to drink;  22 For, burning coals, shalt thou be heaping upon his head,--and, Yahweh, will repay thee.

            TEV:  21 If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink.  22 You will make him burn with shame, and the Lord will reward you.

           

           

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8:

The Quest for Religious Unity

 

 

I.  THE LONGEST RECORDED PRAYER OF JESUS:  JOHN 7:1-26. 

 

 

a.  the three basic divisions of the prayer are .  . .

 

(1)  17:1-5:                             [Relationship of the Father to the Son.]

 

 

            NKJV:  1 Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You, 2 as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.3 And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent. 4 I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do. 5 And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

 

 

 

(2)  17:6-19:                   [Prayer for the disciples and apostles.]

 

 

            NKJV:  6 I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word. 7 Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You. 8 For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.

            9 I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours. 10 And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them. 11 Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are. 12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

            13 But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves. 14 I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. 15 I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one. 16 They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. 17 Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth. 18 As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.

 

 

 

 

(3):  17:20-26:                [Prayer for the following generation(s) of disciples.]

 

 

            NKJV:  20 I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word; 21 that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me. 22 And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one: 23 I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

            24 Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world. 25 O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me. 26 And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.”

 

 

 

B.  Questions on the first section of the prayer (17:1-5) . . .

 

 

How great is Jesus’ authority over the

human race (17:2) . . .                   [Over “all flesh” . . . anyone and

everyone.  No exceptions.]

 

 

            NKJV:  As You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.

            ISV:  For you have given him authority over all humanity so that he might give eternal life to all those you gave him.

         

 

What produces eternal life (17:3) . . . 

[“Knowing” God and Jesus; “know” = accept, recognize, embrace.]

 

            NKJV:  And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

 

                        Albert Barnes suggests:  The word "know" here, as in other places,

expresses more than a mere speculative acquaintance with the character and

perfections of God.  "It includes all the impressions on the mind and life

which a just view of God and of the Savior is fitted to produce."  It includes,

of course, love, reverence, obedience, honor, gratitude, supreme affection.  

"To know God as he is" is to know and regard him as a lawgiver, a

sovereign, a parent, a friend. It is to yield the whole soul to him, and strive to

obey his law.

 

         

 

Did Jesus complete everything that He came to earth to do (verse 4) . . .              [Yes.]   

 

 

            NKJV:  I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.

            Holman:  I have glorified You on the earth by completing the work You gave Me to do.

            Weymouth:  I have glorified Thee on earth, having done perfectly the work which by Thine appointment has been mine to do.

 

 

How does this affect premillennialism?     

[Shows that God knew that Jesus would be rejected; it was no

unexpected” turn of events—which they insist it was.  The mission

was always intended to end not in earthly crowning as king, but in a

sacrificial death.]

 

 

Did Jesus exist before the earth was created (17:5)?          [Yes.]

 

 

            NKJV:  And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

            Holman:  Now, Father, glorify Me in Your presence with that glory I had with You before the world existed.

           

           

If we are looking for a spectacular glorification of Jesus after the request of 17:5 (which apparently the disciples in the havoc following the great calamity of Jesus’ death were not), we certainly discover it exploding out of the tomb on Easter morning.  Jesus’ resurrection is the most dazzling display of God’s glory the world has ever seen.

Theologians these days may quibble over whether one does right to read the story of Jesus as a theology of the cross or a theology of glory, but the actual events of Jesus’ story wrap up all these meanings in one earth-shaking finale. 

Starkly fulfilling the prophecies of the curse of the first sinful humans, Jesus is crushed by the forces of evil only to in turn crush them himself under his heel, his enemies cast down to be his footstool.  Bound by death, Jesus explodes the bonds of death.  Cast into the pit, Jesus is raised by God.

Covered with shame and spittal and blood and disgrace, Jesus is covered with glory and praise.  Disciples scattered, he lives again to see his disciples emboldened and empowered so that they go forth to turn the world upside down for their victorious conqueror.  The prayer is indeed fulfilled after Jesus’ most shattering moment of defeat.  Shattering triumph.  Victorious glory!

--  From William D. Spencer and Aida B. Spencer, The Prayer Life of Jesus:  Shout of Agony, Revelation of Love—A Commentary.  New York:  University Press of America, 1990, pages 178-179.

 

           

 

C.  Questions on the second section of the prayer (17:8-19) . . .

 

 

Why could they fully trust in Jesus

teaching (17:7-8)?                        [He came from God and they knew all

Jesus taught came from the Father.]

 

 

            NKJV:  7 Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You. 8 For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.

 

 

Why the disciples needed to be prayed for . . .

 

 

 

(1)  Verse 11a, 12:                  [Jesus was leaving the world, but the

disciples were staying behind.]   

 

 

            NKJV:  Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. . . . 12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

 

 

(2)  Verse 11b:            [That they might be one, i.e., united.]

 

 

            NKJV:  . . .  Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are.

            NIV:  . . . Holy Father, protect them by the power of your name, the name you gave me, so that they may be one as we are one.

            GW:  . . . Holy Father, keep them safe by the power of your name, the name that you gave me, so that their unity may be like ours.

             

 

(3)  Verse 14:               [The world hates them because they hold to God’s

word.]

 

 

            NKJV:  I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.

            NET:  have given them your word, and the world has hated them, because they do not belong to the world, just as I do not belong to the world.

            Weymouth:  I have given them Thy Message, and the world has hated them, because they do not belong to the world, just as I do not belong to the world. 

 

 

(4)  Verse 15:               [They need protection against the Devil—and / or

evildoers in general.]



            NKJV:  I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one. 

           

 

(5)  Verses 17-19:      [Because they were being sent into the world and they

needed to be “sanctified” (set apart and purified) by

the Divine word.]

 

 

            NKJV:  17 Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth. 18 As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.

            TEV:  17 Dedicate them to yourself by means of the truth; your word is truth.  18 I sent them into the world, just as you sent me into the world.  19 And for their sake I dedicate myself to you, in order that they, too, may be truly dedicated to you.

 

 

 

D.  Questions on the third section of the prayer (17:20-26) . . .

 

 

What inescapably implies that the apostles were

to be missionary minded (17:20)?             [Others would believe

         through what they taught.]

 

 

            NKJV:  I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word.

            NIV:  My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message.

            NET:  I am not praying only on their behalf, but also on behalf of those who believe in me through their testimony.

            Weymouth:  Nor is it for them alone that I make request. It is also for those who trust in me through their teaching.

 

 

How does this fit in with Matthew 28:18-20?      

[There He made it explicit for them to go and teach—everywhere they

could.]

 

 

            NKJV:  8 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen.

 

 

Is the “oneness” of the Father and Son a “physical” one

(the 19th century Unitarian concept and the modern

oneness doctrine”)?  Consider 17:22-23.                  

[If the disciples are to be “one” in the same sense as the Father and Son, a

much broader concept of “oneness” is clearly required.]   

 

 

            NKJV:  22 And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one: 23 I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

 

 

What practical, down-to-earth reason was given

for the disciples to seek internal unity (17:21)?

[So that the world might believe.  Consider the old adage/proverb:  “I can’t

hear what you are saying because of what you are doing.”]   

 

         

            NKJV:  That they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me. 

 

 

What danger arises from lack of unity?  Consider Matthew 12:25-26.                   [A divided kingdom ultimately collapses; so do congregations.]

 

 

            NKJV:  25 But Jesus knew their thoughts, and said to them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand. 26 If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they shall be your judges.

            12:25 TEV:  Jesus knew what they were thinking, and so he said to them, “Any country that divides itself into groups which fight each other will not last very long. And any town or family that divides itself into groups which fight each other will fall apart.”

            12:25 Weymouth:  Knowing their thoughts He said to them, “Every kingdom in which civil war has raged suffers desolation; and every city or house in which there is internal strife will be brought low.”

 

 

In John 17 Jesus mentions one specific means of

avoiding such divisions.  What is it (17:26)?       [Having God’s love

in us . . . not only as His gift, but as shaping our behavior as well.]  

 

 

            NKJV:  And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.

 

 

 

How does 1 Corinthians 13:1-7 show us a practical guide to congregational unity?       

[If these attitudes shape the congregation, its contentions will be reduced and far,

far easier to heal when they ultimately occur.]

 

 

            NKJV:  1 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I have become sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. 2 And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. 3 And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, but have not love, it profits me nothing.

            4 Love suffers long and is kind; love does not envy; love does not parade itself, is not puffed up; 5 does not behave rudely, does not seek its own, is not provoked, thinks no evil; 6 does not rejoice in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth; 7 bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.  13 And now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love.        

 

 

 

II.  HOW JESUS WAS A PRACTICER OF UNITY THROUGH HIS ACTIONS AND TEACHING

 

 

A.  THOUGHT AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TWELVE APOSTLES . . .

 

 

Simon was a                    (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13).              [Zealot.]

 

 

            Luke 6 NKJV:  13 And when it was day, He called His disciples to Himself; and from them He chose twelve whom He also named apostles: 14 Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother; James and John; Philip and Bartholomew; 15 Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called the Zealot; 16 Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot who also became a traitor..

 

            Acts 1 NKJV:  12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day's journey. 13 And when they had entered, they went up into the upper room where they were staying: Peter, James, John, and Andrew; Philip and Thomas; Bartholomew and Matthew; James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot; and Judas the son of James. 14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers.  

 

 

 

What characterized such people?     [At the minimum, vehemently

anti-Roman.  Typically outright violent against the occupation

forces; revolutionary in goal and intent.]

 

 

Pulpit Commentary on Luke 6:15:  In SS. Matthew and Mark this apostle is called "Simon the Kananite." This epithet does not mean that Simon was a native or dweller in Cana of Galilee, but the epithet "Kananite" had the same signification as "Zelotes," the surname given by St. Luke, which is best rendered as "the Zealot." Kananite is derived from the Hebrew word [for] zeal.  “He had once, therefore, belonged to the sect of terrible fanatics who thought any deed of violence justifiable for the recovery of national freedom, and had probably been one of the wild followers of Judas the Gaulonite (Josephus, 'Bell. Jud.,' 4:03. 9). Their name was derived from 1 Macc. 2:50, where the dying Mattathias, father of Judas Maccabaeus, says to the Assidaeans (Chasidim, i.e. 'all such as were voluntarily devoted to the Law'), 'Be ye zealous for the Law, and give your lives for the covenant of your fathers'" (Archdeacon Farrar).

                  

 

At the other end of the political spectrum was

Matthew ( = Levi) who was a (Matthew 10:3) . . .                                                                                                                                                 [Tax collector.]

 

 

            NKJV:  2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Cananite , and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

 

 

What kind of conduct characterized such individuals?

            [As a tax collector he made his money through collecting money for the

regime in power—the local Roman approved government and, ultimately,

some of it went to the Empire’s treasury.]

 

 

 

Yet Jesus called both out of their sin and accepted them as disciples . . . and there is no evidence it ever produced major conflict between them in spite of their great differences!

 

 

 

As to outsiders who He dealt with, He was quite willing to eat with the                 but equally willing to accept into His company (Luke 7:36-37) . . .                 [Religious leaders (the Pharisees) while also

being willing to accept the one who was an infamous sinner in their eyes. 

They drew acceptance lines He did not.  He did not hold the past against

anyone, but expected the future to be different.]  

 

 

            NKJV:  36 Then one of the Pharisees asked Him to eat with him. And He went to the Pharisee's house, and sat down to eat. 37 And behold, a woman in the city who was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at the table in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster flask of fragrant oil, 38 and stood at His feet behind Him weeping; and she began to wash His feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head; and she kissed His feet and anointed them with the fragrant oil.

            44 Then He turned to the woman and said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave Me no water for My feet, but she has washed My feet with her tears and wiped them with the hair of her head. 45 You gave Me no kiss, but this woman has not ceased to kiss My feet since the time I came in. 46 You did not anoint My head with oil, but this woman has anointed My feet with fragrant oil. 47 Therefore I say to you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much. But to whom little is forgiven, the same loves little.”

 

 

Furthermore, we never find Him rejecting some one as too poor or too rich or anything else for that matter—so long as they were willing to morally reform their lives and put God first.

 

 

 

B.  He stressed the kinds of attitudes that promote unity and discourage division.

 

Consider the commands and admonitions for love, right treatment of others, the willingness to forgive etc.

 

 

Furthermore, Jesus taught that reconciliation is so

important that it is ideal to do what in order to

have it immediately accomplished (Matthew 5:23-24)?                

[To leave the worship service to deal with the person we’ve done

wrong to.]

 

 

            NKJV:  23 Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.

            TEV:  23 So if you are about to offer your gift to God at the altar and there you remember that your brother has something against you,  24 leave your gift there in front of the altar, go at once and make peace with your brother, and then come back and offer your gift to God.

            Weymouth:  23 If therefore when you are offering your gift upon the altar, you remember that your brother has a grievance against you,  24 leave your gift there before the altar, and go and make friends with your brother first, and then return and proceed to offer your gift.

 

 

If we are the injured party what should we do:  Pout?

Feel sorry for ourselves?  Seethe in resentment?

What positive approach did Jesus advocate

(Matthew 18:15-17)?           [Try to reconcile with the person; in worst case

take it to the congregational meeting for them to

judge who is in the wrong.]

 

 

            NKJV:  15 Moreover if your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he hears you, you have gained your brother. 16 But if he will not hear, take with you one or two more, that ‘by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.’ 17 And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the church. But if he refuses even to hear the church, let him be to you like a heathen and a tax collector.    

            Weymouth:  15 “If your brother acts wrongly towards you, go and point out his fault to him when only you and he are there. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother.   16 But if he will not listen to you, go again, and ask one or two to go with you, that every word spoken may be attested by two or three witnesses.  17 If he refuses to hear them, appeal to the Church; and if he refuses to hear even the Church, regard him just as you regard a Gentile or a tax-gatherer.”          

 

 

 

C.  He rebuked the pride of place that promotes needless divisions within God’s people:  We are there to benefit each other and not to dominate

 

 

Discuss Luke 9:46-48 . . .            [The apostles were wrapped up in

an argument among which was the most important; Jesus pointed out that

spiritual greatness comes from other things than the “position of leadership”

one holds.]

 

 

          NKJV:  46 Then a dispute arose among them as to which of them would be greatest. 47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a little child and set him by Him, 48 and said to them, “Whoever receives this little child in My name receives Me; and whoever receives Me receives Him who sent Me. For he who is least among you all will be great.”

            ISV:  46 Now an argument started among them as to which of them might be the greatest.   47 But Jesus, knowing their inner thoughts, took a little child and had him stand beside him.   48 Then he said to them, “Whoever welcomes this little child in my name welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me. For the one who is least among all of you is the one who is greatest.”

            BBE:  46 Now there was a discussion among them about which of them would be the greatest.   47 But when Jesus saw the reasoning of their hearts, he took a small child and put him by his side,   48 And said to them, Whoever gives honour to this child in my name, gives honour to me: and whoever gives honour to me, gives honour to him who sent me: for whoever is least among you all, that man is great.

 

 

Discuss Luke 22:24-27 . . .                      [The apostles still contentious over who was the greatest; they needed to realize that greatness is based upon service

            to God’s people and not on official position.]

 

 

            NKJV:  24 Now there was also a dispute among them, as to which of them should be considered the greatest. 25 And He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those who exercise authority over them are called ‘benefactors.’ 26 But not so among you; on the contrary, he who is greatest among you, let him be as the younger, and he who governs as he who serves. 27 For who is greater, he who sits at the table, or he who serves? Is it not he who sits at the table? Yet I am among you as the One who serves.

            CEV:  24 The apostles got into an argument about which one of them was the greatest.   25 So Jesus told them: Foreign kings order their people around, and powerful rulers call themselves everyone's friends.   26 But don't be like them. The most important one of you should be like the least important, and your leader should be like a servant.   27 Who do people think is the greatest, a person who is served or one who serves? Isn't it the one who is served? But I have been with you as a servant.

 

 


III.  THE OLD TESTAMENT PRECEDENT FOR EMPHASIZING UNITY

         

 

The Psalmist spoke of how “                   ” and

                          ” it is for God’s people to be united

(Psalms 133:1) . . .                        [“Good” and “pleasant.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  1 Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!  2 It is like the precious oil upon the head, running down on the beard, the beard of Aaron, running down on the edge of his garments.  3 It is like the dew of Hermon, descending upon the mountains of Zion; for there the Lord commanded the blessing—
Life forevermore.

            133:1 TEV:  How wonderful it is, how pleasant, for God's people to live together in harmony!

            133:1 Rotherham:  Lo! how good and how delightful, for brethren, to dwell together even as one.

 

 

Applying on a spiritual basis the Psalmist’s words about the literal Jerusalemdrt5555 (Psalms 122:1, 6-9) . . . what characteristics should dominate the church and rule out conflict?  

 

 

            NKJV:  1 I was glad when they said to me, “Let us go into the house of the Lord.” 6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you.7 Peace be within your walls, prosperity within your palaces.” 8 For the sake of my brethren and companions, I will now say, “Peace be within you.” 9 Because of the house of the Lord our God I will seek your good.

 

 

Verse 1 . . .         [It should be a place whose condition is such that we happily

encourage others to join us within it.  A church in conflict

won’t be that way.]

 

 

            NKJV:  I was glad when they said to me, “Let us go into the house of the Lord.”

            Holman:  I rejoiced with those who said to me, "Let us go to the house of the Lord."

 

 

Verses 6-7 . . .             [We should pray for its peace and prosperity /

welfare—not for the victory of some faction over

another.]

 

 

            NKJV:  6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you.7 Peace be within your walls, prosperity within your palaces.”

         

 

Verse 8 . . .         [For the sake of others present one should pray for its peace—

note the implication that it is not just an ideal but of benefit to

those who are there.  (Why else pray for it if it is not actually

needed?)  Division destroys!]

 

 

            NKJV:  For the sake of my brethren and companions, I will now say, “Peace be within you.”

            ISV:  For the sake of my relatives and friends I will now say, “May there be peace within you.”

 

 

Verse 9 . . .         [Because it is God’s house we will seek its good—not our own

. . . our advancement or anything else.]

 

 

            NKJV:  Because of the house of the Lord our God I will seek your good.

            ISV:  For the sake of the Temple of the Lord our God, I will seek your welfare.

            NET:  For the sake of the temple of the Lord our God I will pray for you to prosper.

           

 

 

           

Isaiah speaks of how in God’s kingdom and within His people there should be peace even among those we would expect to be hostile.  How is this idea conveyed in . . .  

 

 

Isaiah 2:2-4?     [Weapons destroyed; enemy nations not to make war against

each other (verse 4); on an individual level, this equivalent to

vastly different people co-operating instead of fighting.]  

 

 

            NKJV:  2 Now it shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established on the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow to it. 3 Many people shall come and say, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, and we shall walk in His paths.” For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. 4 He shall judge between the nations, and rebuke many people; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore.

            2:4 GW:  Then he will judge disputes between nations and settle arguments between many people. They will hammer their swords into plowblades and their spears into pruning shears. Nations will never fight against each other, and they will never train for war again.

 

 

Isaiah 11:6-9?               [Wolf lie down with the lamb, the lion harmless

around the ox, the child plays unharmed by poisonous

snakes though right next to him.]

 

 

            NKJV:  6 “The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, the leopard shall lie down with the young goat, the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. 7 The cow and the bear shall graze; their young ones shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. 8 The nursing child shall play by the cobra's hole, and the weaned child shall put his hand in the viper's den. 9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord.

            TEV:  6 Wolves and sheep will live together in peace, and leopards will lie down with young goats. Calves and lion cubs will feed together, and little children will take care of them.   7 Cows and bears will eat together, and their calves and cubs will lie down in peace. Lions will eat straw as cattle do.   8 Even a baby will not be harmed if it plays near a poisonous snake.   9 On Zion, God's sacred hill, there will be nothing harmful or evil. The land will be as full of knowledge of the Lord as the seas are full of water.

 

 

Isaiah 35:8-10?                         [A place of moral purity, joy and happiness—

not conflict; a place where no dangerous

animals are present.]

 

 

            NKJV:  8 A highway shall be there, and a road, and it shall be called the Highway of Holiness. The unclean shall not pass over it, but it shall be for others.
Whoever walks the road, although a fool, shall not go astray.  9 No lion shall be there, nor shall any ravenous beast go up on it; it shall not be found there. But the redeemed shall walk there, 10 And the ransomed of the Lord shall return, and come to
Zion with singing, with everlasting joy on their heads.  They shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

            BBE:  8 And a highway will be there; its name will be, The Holy Way; the unclean and the sinner may not go over it, and those who go on it will not be turned out of the way by the foolish.   9 No lion will be there, or any cruel beast; they will not be seen there; but those for whom the Lord has given a price,   10 Even those whom he has made free, will come back again; they will come with songs to Zion; on their heads will be eternal joy; delight and joy will be theirs, and sorrow and sounds of grief will be gone for ever.

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9:

Jesus’ Public Prayers

Seen by His Apostles and Disciples

 

 

I.  JESUS’ TEACHING THAT COULD LEAD ONE

TO THINK THAT PUBLIC PRAYER IS INHERENTLY WRONG

 

 

What does Jesus say in Matthew 6:5-6 that could lead a person to think that Jesus forbid a person to pray where others could hear it?                       [Praying in public in synagogues and street corners rebuked;

an injunction to pray in secret.]

 

 

            NKJV:  5 And when you pray, you shall not be like the hypocrites. For they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. 6 But you, when you pray, go into your room, and when you have shut your door, pray to your Father who is in the secret place; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. 7 And when you pray, do not use vain repetitions as the heathen do. For they think that they will be heard for their many words.  8 Therefore do not be like them. For your Father knows the things you have need of before you ask Him

            Weymouth:  5 And when praying, you must not be like the hypocrites. They are fond of standing and praying in the synagogues or at the corners of the wider streets, in order that men may see them. I solemnly tell you that they already have their reward.  6 But you, whenever you pray, go into your own room and shut the door: then pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father--He who sees in secret--will recompense you.  7 And when praying, do not use needless repetitions as the Gentiles do, for they expect to be listened to because of their multitude of words.   8 Do not, however, imitate them; for your Father knows what things you need before ever you ask Him.

            TEV:  5 When you pray, do not be like the hypocrites! They love to stand up and pray in the houses of worship and on the street corners, so that everyone will see them. I assure you, they have already been paid in full.  6 But when you pray, go to your room, close the door, and pray to your Father, who is unseen. And your Father, who sees what you do in private, will reward you.  7 When you pray, do not use a lot of meaningless words, as the pagans do, who think that their gods will hear them because their prayers are long.  8 Do not be like them. Your Father already knows what you need before you ask him.

 

 

 

Since Jesus did engage in at least occasional public prayers

the difference must lie in different motives.  What is the condemned motive given in Matthew 6:5?        

[To “be seen by men,” i.e. the prayer was insincere and hypocritical;

impressing others was the central goal rather than communicating

with God.]

 

 

Along the lines of above, Matthew 23:14

also criticizes such motivations:

“For a                       make                prayers.”    [“Pretense / Long.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation.

            Holman:  Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! You devour widows' houses and make long prayers just for show. This is why you will receive a harsher punishment.

 

                        Pulpit Commentary:  They put on an appearance of extraordinary

devotion, that they might more easily secure the favor of the widows; or else

they exacted large sums of money, engaging to offer continual prayers for the

donors (compare St. Paul's words in 2 Timothy 3:6). Thus these hypocrites

made a gain of godliness at the expense of the most helpless members of the

community.

         

 

On those occasions when Jesus prayed to God vocally in the presence of onlookers, He clearly had dual purposes in mind:  (1) both to pray and (2) to simultaneously teach.

 

 

 

II.  JESUS’ PRAYER FOR UNITY IN JOHN 17

 

 

What is said in the closing part of chapter 16

that shows the setting is one with the disciples

present (16:29-33)?                      [The disciples directly address Jesus and

He responds directly to them.]

 

 

            NKJV:  29 His disciples said to Him, “See, now You are speaking plainly, and using no figure of speech! 30 Now we are sure that You know all things, and have no need that anyone should question You. By this we believe that You came forth from God.  31 Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe? 32 Indeed the hour is coming, yes, has now come, that you will be scattered, each to his own, and will leave Me alone. And yet I am not alone, because the Father is with Me. 33 These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.”   17:1 Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You.”

 

 

Looking through this prayer briefly—since we have

already gone through it in detail—what are some of

the things He says that serve as both prayer and

teaching / instruction of the disciples?

 

 

(1)  Verses 1, 5 . . .                   [That no matter how terrible what was

about to happen—the crucifixion—Jesus would still be glorified

by God in spite of everything.  Similarly, no matter what we go

through, God will remain on our side as well.]

 

 

            NKJV:  1 Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You.  5 And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

            CEV:  1 After Jesus had finished speaking to his disciples, he looked up toward heaven and prayed: Father, the time has come for you to bring glory to your Son, in order that he may bring glory to you.  5 Now, Father, give me back the glory that I had with you before the world was created.

 

 

(2)  Verse 12 . . .                    [Even though one of them was going to be unfaithful,

that did not destroy the fact that everyone else retained

their loyalty.  Church troublemakers today only reflect

their own troubled souls and not everyone else.]

 

 

            NKJV:  While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

            Weymouth:  While I was with them, I kept them true to Thy name--the name Thou hast given me to bear--and I kept watch over them, and not one of them is lost but only he who is doomed to destruction--that the Scripture may be fulfilled.

 

 

(3)  Verse 20 . . .                        [Jesus’ death will not be the end of the movement. 

Converts will continue to be made by them.  A lesson

for us:  Regardless of the setbacks the faith encounters,

it can still overcome them.] 

 

 

            NKJV:  I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word.

            Weymouth:  Nor is it for them alone that I make request. It is also for those who trust in me through their teaching.

 

 

 

 

III.  JESUS’ PRAYER UPON THE RETURN OF THE SEVENTY IN LUKE 10

 

 

            NKJV:  17 Then the seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in Your name.”  18 And He said to them, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. 19 Behold, I give you the authority to trample on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall by any means hurt you. 20 Nevertheless do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rather rejoice because your names are written in heaven.”

            21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in the Spirit and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and revealed them to babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight. 22 All things have been delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, and who the Father is except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.” 

            23 Then He turned to His disciples and said privately, “Blessed are the eyes which see the things you see; 24 for I tell you that many prophets and kings have desired to see what you see, and have not seen it, and to hear what you hear, and have not heard it.

 

 

Jesus’ mood when He prayed this prayer (verse 21) . . .    [Happy:  He “rejoiced.]

 

 

            NKJV:  In that hour Jesus rejoiced in the Spirit and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and revealed them to babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight.

            Rotherham:  In the self-same hour, exulted he in the Holy Spirit, and said--I openly give praise unto thee, Father! Lord of heaven and earth! in that thou hast hid these things from the wise and discerning, and hast revealed them unto babes,--Yea, O Father! that, so, hath it become, a delight, before thee.

            Weymouth:  On that same occasion Jesus was filled by the Holy Spirit with rapturous joy. "I give Thee fervent thanks," He exclaimed, "O Father, Lord of Heaven and earth, that Thou hast hidden these things from sages and men of understanding, and hast revealed them to babes. Yes, Father, for such has been Thy gracious will.

 

 

Why was Jesus in this mood?    [Their journey had given them the

opportunity to act unsupervised by Him and they had performed

marvelously and the work was a success.  They had even had successful

healings etc.]

 

 

In this verse, what seemed good in God’s sight

that might well seem strange to mortals?  

[That God would give such blessings to those society thought so

little of while ignoring the “learned” class.]

 

 

. . .  How does 1 Corinthians 1:17-20 tie in with this thought?

                        [God has used what will appeal to those “unlearned” but which is

dismissed by their supposed “intellectual betters.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect.  18 For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. 19 For it is written:  “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, And bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.”  20 Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? 21 For since, in the wisdom of God, the world through wisdom did not know God, it pleased God through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe. 22 For Jews request a sign, and Greeks seek after wisdom; 23 but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block and to the Greeks foolishness, 24 but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. 25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men.

 

 

The Father and the Son had a special relationship

that could be known—recognized by—only those

to whom (verse 22) . . .       [Christ revealed it; in turn only those who

                                    accepted Christ’s genuineness would be willing to accept it

as truth.  Hence only His disciples would be willing to fully

know" it—accepting it both intellectually and recognizing

it as truth.]

 

 

            NKJV:  All things have been delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, and who the Father is except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.”

           

 

In light of this could we expect—by pure human reasoning alone—figure out the relationship of the Two?    [No.] 

 

 

 

 

IV.  JESUS’ PRAYER WHEN HE RAISED LAZARUS IN JOHN 11

 

 

            NKJV:  3 Therefore the sisters sent to Him, saying, “Lord, behold, he whom You love is sick.”  4 When Jesus heard that, He said, “This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified through it.”  5 Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.

            38 Then Jesus, again groaning in Himself, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it. 39 Jesus said,Take away the stone.”  Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to Him, “Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days.” 

40 Jesus said to her, “Did I not say to you that if you would believe you would see the glory of God?”  41 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me. 42 And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people who are standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent Me.” 43 Now when He had said these things, He cried with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come forth!” 44 And he who had died came out bound hand and foot with graveclothes, and his face was wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Loose him, and let him go.”

 

 

What specific reason did Jesus give for saying this prayer

aloud (verse 42) . . .              [So observers would clearly know it was done

by God’s power.  No attributing it to Satan or

thinking there was some inherent “magical”

power in Jesus acting alone.]

 

 

            NKJV:  And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people who are standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent Me.

 

 

          Jesus’ words explained the miracle; the miracle verified the credibility and truthfulness of the words.  How are two facts interlocked in a similar manner in Matthew 9:5-7. . .       

[Jesus verified the fact that he could forgive sin by healing the

paralyzed.  What they could not see visible proof of (forgiveness),

He proved by that which they could see visibly (healing).]

 

 

            NKJV:  5 For which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Arise and walk’? 6 But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins”—then He said to the paralytic, “Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house.”  7 And he arose and departed to his house.

            Weymouth:  5 Why, which is easier? --to say, `Your sins are pardoned,' or to say `Rise up and walk'?   6 But, to prove to you that the Son of Man has authority on earth to pardon sins" --He then says to the paralytic, "Rise, and take up your bed and go home."   7 And he got up, and went off home.



 

 

V.  OLD TESTAMENT PRECEDENT FOR BOTH PRIVATE AND PUBLIC PRAYER

 

 

A.  Private Prayer

 

 

Implied in the case of . . .

 

 

Jonah 1:17-2:1:  Jonah in . . .                  [Inside the giant fish creature.]

 

 

            NKJV:  1:17 Now the Lord had prepared a great fish to swallow Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.  2:1 Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the fish's belly

 

 

Daniel 6:10-11:  Daniel alone in . . .                  [His room.]  

 

 

            NKJV:  10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he knelt down on his knees three times that day, and prayed and gave thanks before his God, as was his custom since early days.  11 Then these men assembled and found Daniel praying and making supplication before his God.

 

 

Silent prayer even when others were present:

 

 

The example of Abraham’s                                who was

praying in his                         (Genesis 24:42-45).

           [Messenger / heart.]  

 

 

            NKJV:   42 “And this day I came to the well and said, ‘O Lord God of my master Abraham, if You will now prosper the way in which I go, 43 behold, I stand by the well of water; and it shall come to pass that when the virgin comes out to draw water, and I say to her, “Please give me a little water from your pitcher to drink,” 44 and she says to me, “Drink, and I will draw for your camels also,”—let her be the woman whom the Lord has appointed for my master's son.’  45 “But before I had finished speaking in my heart, there was Rebekah, coming out with her pitcher on her shoulder; and she went down to the well and drew water. And I said to her, ‘Please let me drink.’ ”

            24:45  TEV:  Before I had finished my silent prayer, Rebecca came with a water jar on her shoulder and went down to the well to get water. I said to her, ‘Please give me a drink.’ ”     

 

 

Hannah prayed with her lips moving, but

without (1 Samuel 1:13) . . .                                       [Saying a word aloud.]

 

 

            NKJV:  10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. 11 Then she made a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head.”

            12 And it happened, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli watched her mouth. 13 Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. 14 So Eli said to her, “How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away from you!”   

          15 But Hannah answered and said, “No, my lord, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. 16 Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now.”

            17 Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have asked of Him.”  18 And she said, “Let your maidservant find favor in your sight.” So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.

            1:13 GW:  She was praying silently. Her voice couldn't be heard; only her lips were moving. Eli thought she was drunk. 

         

 

 

B.  Public Prayer

 

 

Examples of public prayer include . . .

 

 

(1)  1 Kings 18:36-39 . . .                              [Elijah]

 

 

          NKJV:  36 And it came to pass, at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near and said, “Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, let it be known this day that You are God in Israel and I am Your servant, and that I have done all these things at Your word. 37 Hear me, O Lord, hear me, that this people may know that You are the Lord God, and that You have turned their hearts back to You again.”

 

 

(2)  1 Chronicles 29:10-15 . . .                  [David]

 

 

          NKJV:   10 Therefore David blessed the Lord before all the assembly; and David said:  Blessed are You, Lord God of Israel, our Father, forever and ever. 11 Yours, O Lord, is the greatness, the power and the glory, the victory and the majesty; for all that is in heaven and in earth is Yours;Yours is the kingdom, O Lord, and You are exalted as head over all. 12 Both riches and honor come from You, and You reign over all. In Your hand is power and might; in Your hand it is to make great and to give strength to all.

13 Now therefore, our God, we thank You and praise Your glorious name. 14 But who am I, and who are my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly as this? For all things come from You, and of Your own we have given You. 15 For we are aliens and pilgrims before You, as were all our fathers; our days on earth are as a shadow, and without hope.

 

 

(3)  2 Chronicles 20:5-13 . . .                     [Jehoshaphat]

 

 

            NKJV:  5 Then Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the Lord, before the new court, 6 and said: “O Lord God of our fathers, are You not God in heaven, and do You not rule over all the kingdoms of the nations, and in Your hand is there not power and might, so that no one is able to withstand You? 7 Are You not our God, who drove out the inhabitants of this land before Your people Israel, and gave it to the descendants of Abraham Your friend forever? 8 And they dwell in it, and have built You a sanctuary in it for Your name, saying, 9 ‘If disaster comes upon us—sword, judgment, pestilence, or famine—we will stand before this temple and in Your presence (for Your name is in this temple), and cry out to You in our affliction, and You will hear and save.’

            10 And now, here are the people of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir—whom You would not let Israel invade when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them and did not destroy them— 11 here they are, rewarding us by coming to throw us out of Your possession which You have given us to inherit. 12 O our God, will You not judge them? For we have no power against this great multitude that is coming against us; nor do we know what to do, but our eyes are upon You.”

13 Now all Judah, with their little ones, their wives, and their children, stood before the Lord.

         

 

 

Examples of “leading” prayer . . .

 

 

               led” the prayer in 1 Chronicles 29 on behalf of

both himself and all the people.                                                            [David]                                     

 

            NKJV:  10 Therefore David blessed the Lord before all the assembly; and David said:  Blessed are You, Lord God of Israel, our Father, forever and ever. 11 Yours, O Lord, is the greatness, the power and the glory, the victory and the majesty; for all that is in heaven and in earth is Yours;Yours is the kingdom, O Lord, and You are exalted as head over all. 13 Now therefore, our God, we thank You and praise Your glorious name.

            20 Then David said to all the assembly, “Now bless the Lord your God.” So all the assembly blessed the Lord God of their fathers, and bowed their heads and prostrated themselves before the Lord and the king.

            29:20 Holman:  Then David said to the whole assembly, “Praise the Lorfd your God.” So the whole assembly praised the Lord God of their ancestors. They bowed down and paid homage to the Lord and the king.    

 

 

The same seems to be the case with                                 in

2 Chronicles 20 as well.                                                                              [Jehoshaphat]

 

 

            NKJV:  5 Then Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the Lord, before the new court, 6 and said: “O Lord God of our fathers, are You not God in heaven, and do You not rule over all the kingdoms of the nations, and in Your hand is there not power and might, so that no one is able to withstand You? 7 Are You not our God, who drove out the inhabitants of this land before Your people Israel, and gave it to the descendants of Abraham Your friend forever? 8 And they dwell in it, and have built You a sanctuary in it for Your name, saying, 9 ‘If disaster comes upon us—sword, judgment, pestilence, or famine—we will stand before this temple and in Your presence (for Your name is in this temple), and cry out to You in our affliction, and You will hear and save.’

            13 Now all Judah, with their little ones, their wives, and their children, stood before the Lord.  18 And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with his face to the ground, and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem bowed before the Lord, worshiping the Lord. 19 Then the Levites of the children of the Kohathites and of the children of the Korahites stood up to praise the Lord God of Israel with voices loud and high.

 

 

It also appears that                        “led” a prayer of Israel’s

leaders over the surprising military defeat they had

endured due to the goods from their previous victory

not being destroyed (Joshua 7:6; context:  7:3-12).       [Joshua]

 

 

            NKJV:  6 Then Joshua tore his clothes, and fell to the earth on his face before the ark of the Lord until evening, he and the elders of Israel; and they put dust on their heads. 7 And Joshua said, “Alas, Lord God, why have You brought this people over the Jordan at all—to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us? Oh, that we had been content, and dwelt on the other side of the Jordan! 8 O Lord, what shall I say when Israel turns its back before its enemies? 9 For the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land will hear it, and surround us, and cut off our name from the earth. Then what will You do for Your great name?”

            7:6-7 TEV:  6 Joshua and the leaders of Israel tore their clothes in grief, threw themselves to the ground before the Lord's Covenant Box, and lay there till evening, with dust on their heads to show their sorrow.  7 And Joshua said, "Sovereign Lord! Why did you bring us across the Jordan at all? To turn us over to the Amorites? To destroy us? Why didn't we just stay on the other side of the Jordan?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10:

Irrelevancies of Prayer

 

 

 

I.  JESUS WAS NOT CONCERNED WITH THE PLACE HE PRAYED

 

 

Some places He prayed at . . .

 

 

Mark 1:34-35:                                        [“A solitary place.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  34  Then He healed many who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons; and He did not allow the demons to speak, because they knew Him.  35 Now in the morning, having risen a long while before daylight, He went out and departed to a solitary place; and there He prayed.

 

 

Luke 5:16:                                                       [“Wilderness.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  So He Himself often withdrew into the wilderness and prayed.

            ISV:  However, he continued his habit of retiring to deserted places and praying.

 

 

Luke 6:12; 9:28:                                            [A mountain.]

 

 

            6:12 NKJV:  Now it came to pass in those days that He went out to the mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

            9:28 NKJV:  Now it came to pass, about eight days after these sayings, that He took Peter, John, and James and went up on the mountain to pray.

 

 

John 11:39, 41:                                     [Outside a tomb.]

 

 

            NKJV:  39 Then Jesus, again groaning in Himself, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it.  41 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me.”

 

 

Luke 18:10 (embracing prayer in the place):                 

                                                                                                   [Temple in Jerusalem.]

 

 

            NKJV:  10 Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.  14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.

 

 

Mark 14:15; John 17:1:                

[In an upper room in Jerusalem.]

 

 

            Mark 14:15 NKJV:   Then he will show you a large upper room, furnished and prepared; there make ready for us.

            John 17:1 NKJV:  Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come.  Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You.”  18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over the Brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which He and His disciples entered.  

 

 

Luke 22:39-42:                                                 [Gethsemane in Jerusalem.]

 

 

            NKJV:   39  Coming out, He went to the Mount of Olives, as He was accustomed, and His disciples also followed Him.  40 When He came to the place, He said to them, “Pray that you may not enter into temptation.”  41 And He was withdrawn from them about a stone's throw, and He knelt down and prayed.

 

 

          . . . Which was a (John 18:1) . . .          [Garden.]

 

 

          NKJV:  When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over the Brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which He and His disciples entered.     

 

 

Luke 23:33-34, 46:                                                     [From the cross.]

 

 

            NKJV:  33 And when they had come to the place called Calvary, there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left.  34 Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.”  And they divided His garments and cast lots. 46 And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit.” Having said this, He breathed His last.

 

 

 

The Old Testament was not concerned with where one prayed at either . . .

 

 

Genesis 21:33:                                 [Abraham, next to a tree he had planted.]

 

 

            NKJV:  Then Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there called on the name of the Lord, the Everlasting God.

 

 

2 Samuel 15:30-31:                           [David on Mount of Olives.]

 

 

            NKJV:   30 So David went up by the Ascent of the Mount of Olives, and wept as he went up; and he had his head covered and went barefoot. And all the people who were  with him covered their heads and went up, weeping as they went up.  31 Then someone told David, saying, “Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom.” And David said, “O Lord, I pray, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness!”           

 

 

1 Kings 8:44-45:                                          [On the way to battle.]

 

 

            NKJV:  44 When Your people go out to battle against their enemy, wherever You send them, and when they pray to the Lord toward the city which You have chosen and the temple which I have built for Your name, 45 then hear in heaven their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause.

            CEV:  44 Our Lord, sometimes you will order your people to attack their enemies. Then your people will turn toward this temple I have built for you in your chosen city, and they will pray to you. 45 Answer their prayers from heaven and give them victory.

 

 

Implied in 2 Kings 20:1-5               [On a bed.]   

 

 

            NKJV:   1 In those days Hezekiah was sick and near death. And Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, went to him and said to him, “Thus says the Lord: ‘Set your house in order, for you shall die, and not live.’ ” 2 Then he turned his face toward the wall, and prayed to the Lord, saying, 3 “Remember now, O Lord, I pray, how I have walked before You in truth and with a loyal heart, and have done what was good in Your sight.” And Hezekiah wept bitterly. 4 And it happened, before Isaiah had gone out into the middle court, that the word of the Lord came to him, saying, 5 “Return and tell Hezekiah the leader of My people, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of David your father: "I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears; surely I will heal you. On the third day you shall go up to the house of the Lord.’

 

 

Psalms 107:23-30:                                        [At sea.]

 

 

            NKJV:  23 Those who go down to the sea in ships, who do business on great waters, 24 They see the works of the Lord, and His wonders in the deep.  25 For He commands and raises the stormy wind, which lifts up the waves of the sea. 26 They mount up to the heavens, they go down again to the depths; their soul melts because of trouble. 27 They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wits' end. 28 Then they cry out to the Lord in their trouble, and He brings them out of their distresses. 29 He calms the storm, so that its waves are still. 30 Then they are glad because they are quiet; so He guides them to their desired haven.

 

 

Lamentations 3:55:               [Out of a place of confinement; the equivalent

of a jail cell.]

 

 

 

            NKJV:  I called on Your name, O Lord, from the lowest pit.

 

                        Pulpit Commentary:  There seems every reason for believing that, in

these words, the prophet is recording his own actual experience. Under the

reign of Zedekiah, when the doom of Jerusalem was near at hand, the

faithful Jeremiah prophesied to the people, and by his warnings and

predictions so offended the princes who were in authority in the city that

they cast him into the pit of the prison. By Divine goodness he was delivered

from this misery by the agency of the eunuch Ebed-Melech. Like a truly

godly man, he witnesses that God is ever the Hearer of his people’s prayers.

 

 

Daniel 6:10:                                           [In his home.]

 

 

            NKJV:  When Daniel knew that the document had been signed, he went to his house where he had windows in his upper chamber open toward Jerusalem. He got down on his knees three times a day and prayed and gave thanks before his God, as he had done previously.         

 

 

Joel 1:14:                                     [The Temple.]

 

 

            NKJV:  Consecrate a fast; call a solemn assembly. Gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land to the house of the Lord your God, and cry out to the Lord.

 

 

 

II.  JESUS WAS NOT CONCERNED WITH HIS POSTURE IN PRAYER

 

 

When He was on the Mount of Transfiguration,

the implication seems to be that

Jesus was (Luke 9:28-32):                                                [Standing.]

 

 

            NKJV:  28 Now it came to pass, about eight days after these sayings, that He took Peter, John, and James and went up on the mountain to pray. 29 As He prayed, the appearance of His face was altered, and His robe became white and glistening. 30 And behold, two men talked with Him, who were Moses and Elijah, 31 who appeared in glory and spoke of His decease which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem. 32 But Peter and those with him were heavy with sleep; and when they were fully awake, they saw His glory and the two men who stood with Him.

 

 

Luke 3:21:                                 [Standing in the Jordan, being baptized by John.]

 

 

            NKJV: When all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also was baptized; and while He prayed, the heaven was opened.

 

 

He taught the Model Prayer

while (Matthew 5:1, 6:9):                                [While sitting.]

 

 

            NKJV:  5:1 And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him.  6 In this manner, therefore, pray:  Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name.

 

 

Matthew 26:19-20, 26:                                                    [Sitting.]

 

 

            NKJV:  19 So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them; and they prepared the Passover. 20 When evening had come, He sat down with the twelve. 21 Now as they were eating, He said, “Assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me.” 26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.”

 

 

In Gethsemane (Luke 22:41):                             [Kneeling.]

 

 

            NKJV:  And He was withdrawn from them about a stone's throw, and He knelt down and prayed.

            Weymouth:  But He Himself withdrew from them about a stone's throw, and knelt down and prayed repeatedly, saying.

 

 

. . . During at least part of the time He was in the Garden (Matthew 26:39) . . .                                          [He had his face to the ground.]

 

 

            NKJV:  He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will.

            NET:  Going a little farther, he threw himself down with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if possible, let this cup pass from me! Yet not what I will, but what you will.”

           

 

John 11:41:                                                        [Eyes toward heaven.]

 

 

            NKJV:  Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me.

            NET:  So they took away the stone. Jesus looked upward and said, “Father, I thank you that you have listened to me.”

 

 

John 17:1:                                                                   [Eyes looking upward.]                            

 

            NKJV:  Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You.”

 

 

Luke 24:50-51:                                                 [With hands raised.]

 

 

            NKJV:  50 And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them. 51 Now it came to pass, while He blessed them, that He was parted from them and carried up into heaven.

         

Matthew Poole’s Commentary:  And he lifted up his hands and blessed them: some think that by blessing here is meant praying, and the lifting up of his hands was accommodated to that religious action. Others think that blessing here signifieth a more authoritative act; and that his lifting up of his hands was a stretching out of his hands, as a sign of that effectual blessing of them.  [RW:  Whatever else the “blessing” may or may not have included, it is hard to believe that it did not, at least include a prayer that these blessings would occur and be their gift.]  

 

 

 

THE OLD TESTAMENT ALSO PROVIDED PRECEDENT FOR VARIED POSTURES IN PRAYER.  NONE WAS EVER BOUND AS ESSENTIAL FOR ALL CIRCUMSTANCES.

 

 

Genesis 24:12-14; 2 Chronicles 20:9:                                 [Standing.]

 

 

            Genesis 24 NKJV:  12 Then he said, “O Lord God of my master Abraham, please give me success this day, and show kindness to my master Abraham. 13 Behold, here I stand by the well of water, and the daughters of the men of the city are coming out to draw water. 14 Now let it be that the young woman to whom I say, ‘Please let down your pitcher that I may drink,’ and she says, ‘Drink, and I will also give your camels a drink’—let her be the one You have appointed for Your servant Isaac. And by this I will know that You have shown kindness to my master.”

 

            2 Chronicles 20:9 NKJV:  If disaster comes upon us—sword, judgment, pestilence, or famine—we will stand before this temple and in Your presence (for Your name is in this temple), and cry out to You in our affliction, and You will hear and save.

            TEV:  That if any disaster struck them to punish them--a war, an epidemic, or a famine--then they could come and stand in front of this Temple where you are worshiped. They could pray to you in their trouble, and you would hear them and rescue them. 

 

 

2 Samuel 7:18; 1 Chronicles 17:16:                           [Sitting.]

 

 

            2 Samuel 7 NKJV:  14I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men. 15 But My mercy shall not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever.” 17 According to all these words and according to all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David. 18 Then King David went in and sat before the Lord; and he said: “Who am I, O Lord God? And what is my house, that You have brought me this far?”

 

            1 Chronicles 17:16 NKJV:  Then King David went in and sat before the Lord; and he said: “Who am I, O Lord God? And what is my house, that You have brought me this far?

 

             

Psalms 95:6-7; Ezra 9:5-6:                                                         [Kneeling.]

 

 

            Psalms 95:6-7 NKJV:  6 Oh come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord our Maker. 7 For He is our God, and we are the people of His pasture, and the sheep of His hand. . . .

            Ezra 9:5-6 NKJV:  5 At the evening sacrifice I arose from my fasting; and having torn my garment and my robe, I fell on my knees and spread out my hands to the Lord my God. 6 And I said: “O my God, I am too ashamed and humiliated to lift up my face to You, my God; for our iniquities have risen higher than our heads, and our guilt has grown up to the heavens.”   

 

 

Exodus 34:8-9; Deuteronomy 9:25-26:                        [Face to ground.]

 

 

            Exodus 34 NKJV:  8 So Moses made haste and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshiped. 9 Then he said, “If now I have found grace in Your sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray, go among us, even though we are a stiff-necked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us as Your inheritance.”

 

            Deuteronomy 9:  5 “Thus I prostrated myself before the Lord; forty days and forty nights I kept prostrating myself, because the Lord had said He would destroy you. 26 Therefore I prayed to the Lord, and said: ‘O Lord God, do not destroy Your people and Your inheritance whom You have redeemed through Your greatness, whom You have brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.

            BBE:  25 So I went down on my face in prayer before the Lord for forty days and forty nights as I did at first; because the Lord had said that he would put an end to you.   26 And I made prayer to the Lord and said, O Lord God, do not send destruction on your people and your heritage, to whom, by your great power, you have given salvation, whom you have taken out of Egypt by the strength of your hand.

 

 

Genesis 24:48; Exodus 4:31;

2 Chronicles 29:30:                                         [Bowed head.]

 

 

            Genesis 24:48 NKJV:  And I bowed my head and worshiped the Lord, and blessed the Lord God of my master Abraham, who had led me in the way of truth to take the daughter of my master's brother for his son.

            Exodus 4:31 NKJV:  So the people believed; and when they heard that the Lord had visited the children of Israel and that He had looked on their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshiped.

            2 Chronicles 29:30 NKJV:  Moreover King Hezekiah and the leaders commanded the Levites to sing praise to the Lord with the words of David and of Asaph the seer. So they sang praises with gladness, and they bowed their heads and worshiped.  

 

 

Ezra 9:5-6; 1 Kings 8:22, 54; Isaiah 1:15-16:           [With raised hands.]

 

 

          Ezra 9:5-6 NKJV:  5 At the evening sacrifice I arose from my fasting; and having torn my garment and my robe, I fell on my knees and spread out my hands to the Lord my God. 6 And I said: “O my God, I am too ashamed and humiliated to lift up my face to You, my God; for our iniquities have risen higher than our heads, and our guilt has grown up to the heavens.”

 

            1 Kings 8:22, 54, NKJV:  22 Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven. 54 And so it was, when Solomon had finished praying all this prayer and supplication to the Lord, that he arose from before the altar of the Lord, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven. 

 

            Isaiah 1:15-16 NKJV:  When you spread out your hands, I will hide My eyes from you; even though you make many prayers, I will not hear.  Your hands are full of blood. 16 Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; put away the evil of your doings from before My eyes. Cease to do evil.”

 

 

Psalms 123:1-2; 141:8-9:            [Eyes lifted up toward heaven.]

 

 

            Psalms 123 NKJV:  1 Unto You I lift up my eyes, O You who dwell in the heavens. 2 Behold, as the eyes of servants look to the hand of their masters, as the eyes of a maid to the hand of her mistress, so our eyes look to the Lord our God, until He has mercy on us.

          8 But my eyes are upon You, O God the Lord; in You I take refuge; do not leave my soul destitute. 9 Keep me from the snares they have laid for me, and from the traps of the workers of iniquity.

 

 

 

 

III.  JESUS WAS NOT CONCERNED WITH THE LENGTH OF HIS PRAYERS

 

 

How long would you estimate the following prayers of Jesus would have been?

 

 

The Model/Disciples’ Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13)

that He endorsed as a role model?              [About a minute.]

 

 

            NKJV:  9 In this manner, therefore, pray: Our Father in heaven, hallowed be Your name. 10 Your kingdom come. Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven. 11 Give us this day our daily bread. 12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 13 And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.

 

 

In Luke 23:32-46 there are two prayers.

About how long is each?                                         [Seconds.]

 

 

            NKJV:  33 And when they had come to the place called Calvary, there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left. 34 Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” 46 And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit. Having said this, He breathed His last.

 

 

Jesus’ prayer in Gethsemane

probably lasted . . .                                                    [Hours in total.]

 

Evidence:

It had to be long enough for the apostles to fall

asleep               times (Matthew 26:40-46).               [Three times.]

 

 

            NKJV:  40 Then He came to the disciples and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “What! Could you not watch with Me one hour? 41 Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” 42 Again, a second time, He went away and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if this cup cannot pass away from Me unless I drink it, Your will be done.” 43 And He came and found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy. 44 So He left them, went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words. 45 Then He came to His disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners. 46 Rise, let us be going. See, My betrayer is at hand.”

 

 

Jesus seems to imply that before He broke from prayer

to check on the apostles, about an                    had

passed (Matthew 26:40), which leads many to conclude

that a similar period lay between His other two returns.              

[An hour.]

 

 

            NKJV:  Then He came to the disciples and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “What! Could you not watch with Me one hour?”

 

 

Prior to going to the Garden of Gethsemane

(John 18:1), Jesus prayed the chapter long prayer

in chapter 17 which would have required?                           

[Six or seven minutes or more.]

 

 

          NKJV:  When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over the Brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which He and His disciples entered.

 

 

After feeding the five thousand He prayed from

the                              ” (Matthew 14:23) until some

time in the “                    watch of the night” (14:25),

which would have envolved a period of . . . .   

[From “the evening” until the “fourth watch,” making it a period of

hours—from at least sunset until the middle of the night.]

 

 

            NKJV:  22 Immediately Jesus made His disciples get into the boat and go before Him to the other side, while He sent the multitudes away. 23 And when He had sent the multitudes away, He went up on the mountain by Himself to pray. Now when evening came, He was alone there. 24 But the boat was now in the middle of the sea, tossed by the waves, for the wind was contrary. 25 Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went to them, walking on the sea. 26 And when the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, “It is a ghost!” And they cried out for fear. 27 But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying, “Be of good cheer! It is I; do not be afraid.”

            TEV:  22 Then Jesus made the disciples get into the boat and go on ahead to the other side of the lake, while he sent the people away.  23 After sending the people away, he went up a hill by himself to pray. When evening came, Jesus was there alone;  24 and by this time the boat was far out in the lake, tossed about by the waves, because the wind was blowing against it.  25 Between three and six o'clock in the morning Jesus came to the disciples, walking on the water.  26 When they saw him walking on the water, they were terrified. “It's a ghost!” they said, and screamed with fear.  27 Jesus spoke to them at once. “Courage!” he said. “It is I. Don't be afraid!”

 

Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges:  “In the fourth watch,” i.e. early in the morning. . . . At this time the Jews had adopted the Greek and Roman custom of four night watches. Formerly they divided the night into three watches, or rather according to Lightfoot (Hor. Heb.) the Romans and Jews alike recognised four watches, but with the Jews the fourth watch was regarded as morning, and was not included in the three watches of “deep night.” The four watches are named (Mark 13:35):  1 Even; 2 Midnight; 3 Cockcrowing; 4 Morning. St John states that they had rowed 25 or 30 furlongs.

 

Pulpit Commentary:  And in the fourth watch of the night:” Therefore some nine hours after sunset (verse 23). They had been battling for hours, and had only gone about three miles and a half (John 6:19). 

 

 

 

In a similar manner, the Old Testament was not concerned with the length of a prayer—whatever

most fit the opportunity and the subject matter.

 

 

We know there were short prayers. . .

 

 

Controlling how much one says was endorsed

as (Ecclesiastes 5:1-2) . . .    [Prudential, presumably lest we “over

promise” ourselves to God due to runaway enthusiasm; has

vows/promises specifically in mind, but principle would apply to

prayer as well.]

 

            NKJV:  1 Walk prudently when you go to the house of God; and draw near to hear rather than to give the sacrifice of fools, for they do not know that they do evil. 2 Do not be rash with your mouth, and let not your heart utter anything hastily before God. For God is in heaven, and you on earth; therefore let your words be few.

            TEV:  1 Be careful about going to the Temple. It is better to go there to learn than to offer sacrifices like foolish people who don't know right from wrong.  2 Think before you speak, and don't make any rash promises to God. He is in heaven and you are on earth, so don't say any more than you have to.

 

 

Examples of short prayers . . .

 

 

Moses for Miriam’s (Numbers 12:13):                   [Leprosy.]

 

 

          NKJV:  So Moses cried out to the Lord, saying, “Please heal her, O God, I pray!”

 

 

David for guidance as to (1 Samuel 23:2):

[Whether to attack the Philistines.]

 

          NKJV:  Therefore David inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” And the Lord said to David, “Go and attack the Philistines, and save Keilah.”

 

 

David for instruction as to (1 Samuel 30:8):       

[Whether to pursue the enemy.]

 

 

            NKJV:  So David inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I pursue this troop? Shall I overtake them?” And He answered him, “Pursue, for you shall surely overtake them and without fail recover all.  

 

 

Elisha praying for the healing of (2 Kings 6:1):                   [Blind man.]

 

 

            NKJV:  And Elisha prayed, and said, “Lord, I pray, open his eyes that he may see.” Then the Lord opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw. And behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha.

 

 

 

Yet long prayers are also referred to.  (For full text please read them in your preferred translation.)

 

 

By Solomon at the (1 Kings 8:22-54):                      [Dedication of the temple.]

 

 

            NKJV:  22 Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven. 30 And may You hear the supplication of Your servant and of Your people Israel, when they pray toward this place. Hear in heaven Your dwelling place; and when You hear, forgive. 54 And so it was, when Solomon had finished praying all this prayer and supplication to the Lord, that he arose from before the altar of the Lord, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven. 55 Then he stood and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying.

 

 

By Jonah for (Jonah 2:1-10):                  [Rescue from drowning.]

 

 

            NKJV:  1 Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the fish's belly. 2 And he said: “I cried out to the Lord because of my affliction, and He answered me. Out of the belly of Sheol I cried, and You heard my voice.

 

 

By Isaiah for (Isaiah 63:15-64:12):      

[God’s ultimate mercy in spite of Israel’s sins.]

 

 

            64:9 NKJV:  Do not be furious, O Lord, nor remember iniquity forever; indeed, please look—we all are Your people! 

 

 

 

 

IV.  JESUS WAS NOT CONCERNED WITH THE TIME OF DAY THAT HE PRAYED

 

 

Jesus prayed at such times as these . . .

 

 

Mark 1:35:                                                         [“A long while before daylight.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  Now in the morning, having risen a long while before daylight, He went out and departed to a solitary place; and there He prayed.

 

 

John 11:41 (implied by

setting and what is happening):                                    [During daylight hours.]

 

 

            NKJV:  38 Then Jesus, again groaning in Himself, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it. 39 Jesus said,Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to Him, “Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days.” 40 Jesus said to her, “Did I not say to you that if you would believe you would see the glory of God?” 41 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me. 42 And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people who are standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent Me.” 43 Now when He had said these things, He cried with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come forth!”

 

 

Luke 24:28-31:                                     [Near sunset or soon thereafter.]

 

 

            NKJV:  28 Then they drew near to the village where they were going, and He indicated that He would have gone farther. 29 But they constrained Him, saying, “Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent.” And He went in to stay with them. 30 Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them. 31 Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from their sight.

            24:29 WEB:  They urged him, saying, Stay with us, for it is almost evening, and the day is almost over.” He went in to stay with them.

 

 

Mark 6:35, 46:                                       [Very late in the day the prayer began.]

 

 

            NKJV:  35 When the day was now far spent, His disciples came to Him and said, “This is a deserted place, and already the hour is late. 36 Send them away, that they may go into the surrounding country and villages and buy themselves bread; for they have nothing to eat.”  [Feeding of the 5,000 follows.]  45 Immediately He made His disciples get into the boat and go before Him to the other side, to Bethsaida, while He sent the multitude away. 46 And when He had sent them away, He departed to the mountain to pray. 47 Now when evening came, the boat was in the middle of the sea; and He was alone on the land.

 

 

. . . And in the parallel account we find He continued

the prayer from “when                          came” deep

into the night (Matthew 14:22-26).                                [“Evening.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  22 Immediately Jesus made His disciples get into the boat and go before Him to the other side, while He sent the multitudes away. 23 And when He had sent the multitudes away, He went up on the mountain by Himself to pray. Now when evening came, He was alone there. 24 But the boat was now in the middle of the sea, tossed by the waves, for the wind was contrary. 25 Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went to them, walking on the sea. 26 And when the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, “It is a ghost!” And they cried out for fear.

 

 

Luke 6:12:                                                                                             [“All night.”]

 

 

            NKJV:  Now it came to pass in those days that He went out to the mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

 

 

 

The Old Testament was not concerned with the time of day for prayer either--as indicated by the following examples . . .

 

 

Psalms 119:62:                                                             [Midnight]

 

 

            NKJV:  At midnight I will rise to give thanks to You, because of Your righteous judgments.

            NIV:  At midnight I rise to give you thanks for your righteous laws.

 

 

Isaiah 26:9:                                                                     [Night and early day.]

 

 

            NKJV:  With my soul I have desired You in the night, yes, by my spirit within me I will seek You early; for when Your judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.

            NET:  I look for you during the night, my spirit within me seeks you at dawn, for when your judgments come upon the earth, those who live in the world learn about justice.

 

 

Psalms 119:145-147:                                                            [Before sunrise]

 

 

            NKJV:  145 I cry out with my whole heart; Hear me, O Lord! I will keep Your statutes. 146 I cry out to You; save me, and I will keep Your testimonies. 147 I rise before the dawning of the morning, and cry for help; I hope in Your word.

            119:147:  I got up before dawn, and I cried out for help. My hope is based on your word.

 

 

Psalm 55:17; Daniel 6:10:                                 [Prayer three times a day.]

 

 

            Psalm 55:17 NKJV:  Evening and morning and at noon I will pray, and cry aloud, and He shall hear my voice.

            Daniel 6:10 NKJV:  Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he knelt down on his knees three times that day, and prayed and gave thanks before his God, as was his custom since early days.

 

 

Psalms 119:164:                                            [Prayer seven times a day.]

 

 

            NKJV:  Seven times a day I praise You, because of Your righteous judgments.

            ESV:  Seven times a day I praise you for your righteous rules.

 

 

Psalm 22:1-2; 88:1-2:                                             [Prayer day and night.]

 

 

            Psalm 22 NKJV:  1 My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?  Why are You so far from helping Me, and from the words of My groaning? 2 O My God, I cry in the daytime, but You do not hear; and in the night season, and am not silent.

Psalm 88 NKJV:  1 O Lord, God of my salvation, I have cried out day and night before You. 2 Let my prayer come before You; incline Your ear to my cry.

 

 

 

V.  JESUS WAS NOT CONCERNED WITH THE

NUMBER OF PEOPLE PRESENT WHEN HE PRAYED

OR WHETHER PEOPLE PRAYED AS HE PRAYED—HE HAD NO STANDARD PRACTICE ON THE MATTER

 

 

 

Matthew 14:23; Luke 9:28; John 6:15:                           [Prayed alone.]

 

 

            Matthew 14 NKJV:  22 Immediately Jesus made His disciples get into the boat and go before Him to the other side, while He sent the multitudes away. 23 And when He had sent the multitudes away, He went up on the mountain by Himself to pray. Now when evening came, He was alone there.

            Luke 9:28 NKJV:  And it happened, as He was alone praying, that His disciples joined Him, and He asked them, saying, “Who do the crowds say that I am?”

            John 6:15 NKJV:  15 Therefore when Jesus perceived that they were about to come and take Him by force to make Him king, He departed again to the mountain by Himself alone.

 

 

Luke 3:21:                                                       [Praying alone, but in a crowd.]

 

 

            NKJV:  When all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also was baptized; and while He prayed, the heaven was opened.

 

 

Luke 9:28-29; Luke 22:39-41:                [With 3 apostles in first case; with

all but Judas in second case (though their prayers were separate).]             

 

 

            Luke 9 NKJV:  28 Now it came to pass, about eight days after these sayings, that He took Peter, John, and James and went up on the mountain to pray. 29 As He prayed, the appearance of His face was altered, and His robe became white and glistening.

 

This could be read either as praying with them at the beginning or as going to the mountain to separately pray—to reinforce the teaching that there are times to pray for everyone.  The second case is clearly the latter:

 

Luke 22 NKJV:  39 Coming out, He went to the Mount of Olives, as He was accustomed, and His disciples also followed Him. 40 When He came to the place, He said to them, “Pray that you may not enter into temptation.” 41 And He was withdrawn from them about a stone's throw, and He knelt down and prayed, 42 saying, “Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done.” 43 Then an angel appeared to Him from heaven, strengthening Him. 44 And being in agony, He prayed more earnestly. Then His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground. 

         

 

 

Old Testament precedent for such variation in prayer practice was covered in detail in the previous chapter.

 

 

 

 

Conclusion

 

            We have not attempted to cover everything that could be considered, but to provide a broad but detailed analysis of much of it.  In ending this study one thing should be remembered in particular:  Learning about prayer is fine and good—but it can never be a replacement for actual prayer.  It is rather like faith and works—unless you actually manifest it in behavior, is all of your knowledge of any real value?