From:  A Torah Commentary on James 3-5                         Return to Home        

By Roland H. Worth, Jr.                               © 2014

 

 

 

Bibliography

 

 

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Bouwman, Clarence.  “Friendship with the World Is Enmity with God.”  Sermon dated October 13, 2002.  At:  http://www.mountainretreatorg.net/sermons/friendship_with_ the_world_is_enmity_with_God.shtml.  [June 2014.] 

 

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Burke, Denny.  “Don’t Feed the Trolls.”  Reprinted from Christianity.  Dated March 25, 2012.  At:  http://www.dennyburk.com/dont-feed-the-trolls/.   [July 2012.]   

 

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Caldwell, Eugene C.  The Epistle of James.  Richmond, Virginia:  Presbyterian Committee of Publication, 1931.

 

Cargal, Timothy B.  Restoring the Diaspora;  Discursive Sturcture and Purpose in the Epistle of James.  Number 144 in the Society of Biblical Literature Dissertation Series.  Atlanta, Georgia:  Scholars Press, 1993.

 

Carson, D. A.  “James.”  In Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament, edited by Beale, G. K., and D. A. Carson, editors, 997-1013.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Baker Academic, 2007.   

 

Carson, T.  “The Letter of James.” In A New Testament Commentary. Edited by G. C. D Howley.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Zondervan Publishing House, 1969. 

 

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Clever, Charles.  “A Brief Study on ‘The Law of Liberty” in the Epistle of James.”  At:  http://www.revealed.org/liberty.htm.  [June 2012.]

 

Steven J. Cole.  “Life Is a Vapor.”  At:  https://bible.org/seriespage/lesson-18-life-vapor-james-413-17.  [May 2014.] 

 

Cole, Steven J.  “Spiritual Adultery and Resolving Conflicts (James 4:4-6).”  At:  https://bible.org/seriespage/lesson-15-spiritual-adultery-and-resolving-conflicts-james-44-6.  [May 2014.]

 

Cole, Steven J.  “Resolving Conflicts God’s Way (James 4:7-10).  At:  https://bible. org/seriespage/lesson-16-resolving-conflicts-god%E2%80%99s-way-james-47-10.  [May 2014.] 

 

Cole, Steven J.  “Taming the Terrible Tongue (James 3:1-12).”  At:  https://bible.org/ seriespage/lesson-12-taming-terrible-tongue-james-31-12.  [May 2014.]

 

Cole, Steven J.  “Wisdom for Harmonious Relationships (James 3:13-18).”  Dated May 30, 2013.  At:  https://bible.org/seriespage/lesson-13-wisdom-harmonious-relationships-james-313-18.  [April 2014.]

 

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Connick, C. Milo.  The New Testament:  An Introduction to Its History, Literature, and Thought.  Encinco, California:  Dickenson Publishing Company, Inc., 1972.

 

Cook, Johann. “Proverbs,” in A New English Translation of the Septuagint and the Other Greek Translations Traditionally Included under that Title, edited by Albert Pietersma and Benjamin G. Wright, 621-648.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2007.

 

Corner, Dan.  “Are All Sins Equal (James 2:10)?”  Part of the Evangelical Outreach website.  At:  http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/james210.htm.  [June 2012.] 

 

Crocker, Jeanie.  “Speaking Pickle.”  At:  http://www.projectrescue.org/Speaking% 20Pickle.htm.  [July 2012.]  A “pickle” is the nomenclature for an addict; the “cucumber” is the non-addict.

 

Crozier, Edwin.  “Should We Anoint People with Oil?  James 5:14.”  February 13, 2005.   At:  http://www.franklinchurchofchrist.com/sermons/date/2005/htm/20050213PM.htm.  [July 2012

 

Deddo, Cathy.  “James 4:11-17.”  At:  http://www.trinitystudycenter.com/james/james_4-11-17.php.  [May 2014.] 

 

James M. Darlack.  Pray for Reign:  The Eschatological Elijah in James 5:17-18.  Master of Arts in the New Testament thesis.  South Hamilton, Massachusetts:  2007.  

 

Davids, Peter H.  “Palestinian Traditions in the Epistle of James.”  In James the Just and Christian Origins, edited by Bruce Chilton and Craig A. Evans, 33-58.  Leiden, Netherlands:  Brill, 1999. 

 

Davids, Peter H.  The Epistle of James:  A Commentary on the Greek Text.  In the New International Greek Testament Commentary series.  Grand Rapids,      Michigan:  1982.

 

Davidson, Samuel.  An Introduction to the New Testament.  Volume Three:  The First Epistle to Timothy to the Revelation.  London:  Samuel Bagster and Sons, 1851.

 

Davies, Stevan L.  The New Testament:  A Contemporary Introduction.  San Francisco:  Harper & Row, Publishers, 1988.

 

Davis, Steve.  “Being a Leader Carries Heavier Judgment.”  Chapter 7 of Biblical Church Government.  At:  http://www.stevedavis.org/7%20Being%20a%20leader%20Carries% 20Heavier%20Judgment.html.  [July 2012]  

 

Deffinbaugh, Robert (Bob) L.  “Taming the Tongue:  James 3:1-18.”  At:  https://bible. org/seriespage/taming-tongue-james-31-18.  [May 2014.] 

 

Deppe, Dean B.  The Sayings of Jesus in the Epistle of James.  Chelsa, Michigan:  Bookcrafters, 1989. 

 

Devor, Scott.  “Count It All Joy.”  Part of the Ligonier Ministries website.  At:  http://www.ligonier.org/learn/devotionals/counting-it-all-joy-1787/.  [June 2012.]

 

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Dibelius, Martin.  James,  revised by Heinrich Treeven.  Translated by Michael A. Williams.  In the series Hermeneia--A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible.  Philadelphia:  Fortress Press, 1976. 

 

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Dyrness, William.  “Mercy Triumphs Over Justice: James 2:13 and the Theology of Faith and Works.” Themelios 6.3 (April 1981): 11-16.  At:  http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/ pdf/themelios/james_dyrness.pdf.  [June 2012.] 

 

Dulaney, Dewayne.  “James the Lord’s Brother—An Apostle?”  Dated August 9, 2007.  Part of Bible Studies in the Digital Age.  At:  http://my.opera.com/Loquor/blog/james-the-lords-brother-apostle.  [July 2012.]

 

Dunavant, Don.  “Man:  Made in the Image of God.”  SBC Life:  Journal of the Southern Baptist Convention (October 2009).  At:  http://www.sbclife.net/Articles/2009/10/sla6.  [May 2014.] 

 

Edgar, David H.  Has God Not Chosen the Poor?  The Social Setting of the Epistle of James.  Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series 206.  Sheffield, England:  Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. 

 

Edwards, David M.  “Draw Near to God.”  Posted August 7, 2006.  From:  Worship 365:  The Power of a Worshiping Life (Broadman & Holman, 2006).  At:  http://www. christianitytoday.com/biblestudies/articles/theology/060807.html.  [May 2014.] 

 

File, Dan.  “A Message of Hope and Assurance:  James 4:7-8A.”  January 24, 2012 issue of the Capitol Commission.  At:  http://www.capitolcom.org/colorado/studies/771/2012/ 01/24/message-of-hope-assurance-james-4-7-8a.  [March 2014.] 

 

File, Dan.  “Endurance of Those Who Have Gone on Before Us!  James 5:10-11.”  Dated April 2, 1013.  At:  http://www.capitolcom.org/colorado/studies/4183/2013/04/02/james-5-10-11-endurance-of-those-who-have-gone-before-us.  [June 2014.] 

 

File, Dan.  “The Inconsistent Tongue:  James 3:9-12.”  May 11, 2010 issue of The Capitol Commission.  At:  http://www.capitolcom.org/colorado/studies/482/2010/ 05/11/the-inconsistent-nature-of-the-tongue-james-3-9-12.  [May 2014.]

 

File, Dan.  “True Faith is Not a Friend of this World—Part 2:  James 4:1-6.”  April 12, 2011 issue of Capitol Commission.  At:  http://www.capitolcom.org/colorado/studies/ 527/2011/04/12/true-faith-is-not-a-friend-of-the-world-pt-2-james-4-2-3.  [May 2014.] 

 

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Fuller, Reginald H.   A Critical Introduction to the New Testament.  Letchworth, Hertfordshire, [Great Britain]:  Duckworth, 1971.

 

Gane, Roy.  The NIV Applications Commentary:  Leviticus, Numbers.  [N.p.]:  Zondervan, 2004. e-book edition utilized:  2011.  Unnumbered pages.

 

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Grant, Robert M.  A Historical Introduction to the New Testament.  New York:   Harper & Row, Publishers, 1963.

 

Greenlee, J. Harold.  An Exegetical Summary of James.  Dallas, Texas:  Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc.:  1993. 

 

Grudem, Wayne A.  Systematic Theology:  An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Zondervan, 1994.   Unumbered pages; EPub Reader Format.  

 

Gundry, Robert H.  A Survey of the New Testament.  Revised Edition.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Academie Books/Zondervan Publishing House, 1981. 

 

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Harland, Philip A.  “The Economy of First-Century Palestine:  State of the Scholarly Discussion.”  In Handbook of Early Christianity: Social Science Approaches, edited by Anthony J. Blasi, Jean Duhaime and Paul-Andre Turcotte, 511-527.   Walnut Creek, CA: Alta Mira Press, 2002.  As reprinted at:  http://www.philipharland.com/publications/ articlehandbook22.html.  [August 2012.]  

 

Harris, Charles.  “The Life of the Widow:  Part 6, Church Responsibility to Her.”  Part of the Global Christian Center website.  At:  http://globalchristiancenter.com/womens-life-struggles/the-life-of-the-widow-pt-6-church-responsibility-to-her.html.  [January 2014.]   

 

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Hart, John F.  “The Faith of Demons:  James 2:19.”  Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society, Autumn 1995 (Volume 8:15).  At:  http://www.faithalone.org/journal/1995ii/ Hart.html.  [June 2012.] 

 

Hartin, Patrick J.  James.  In the Sacra Pagina series.  Collegeville, Minnesota:  Liturgical Press/A Michael Glazier Book, 2003.   

 

Hartin, Patrick J.  James and the “Q” Sayings of Jesus.  Sheffield, England:  JSOT Press, 1990.  Contraction in text, “Sayings of Jesus.”  

 

Hasselhoff, Gorge K.  “James 2:2-7 in Early Christian Thought.”  In Wealth and Poverty in Early Church and Society.  Edited by Susan R. Holman, 48-55   Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Baker Academic, 2008.    

 

Havice, Harriet K.  The Concern for the Widow and the Fatherless in the Ancient Near East:  A Case Study in Old Testament Ethics.  Doctorate dissertation, Yale University.  1978. 

 

Hays, Richard B.  The Faith of Jesus Christ:  The Narrative Substructure of Galatians 3:1-4:14.  Second Edition.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2002. 

 

Head, Casey (apparent author).  “A Stricter Judgment.”  Dated 8/17/13.  At:  http://

queenwaycoc.com/sermons/blog/2013/08/07/a-stricter-judgment.  [May 2014.] 

 

Heard, Richard. An Introduction to the New Testament.  London:  Adam and Charles Black, 1950.

 

Henshaw, T.  New Testament Literature in the Light of Modern Scholarship.  London:  George Allen and Unwin Ltd., 1952.

 

Hermas.  Shepherd of Hermas:  Mandates.  J. B. Lightfoot translation.  Part of Wikisource.  At:  http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Shepherd_of_Hermas:_Book_of_ Mandates_%28Lightfoot_translation%29#Third_Commandment.  [January 2012.]

 

Hess, Charles.  “The Letter of James:  Chapter Three.”  Dated 2001.  At:  http://www.oldpaths.com/archive/hess/charles/albert/1929/comments/James/james3.html#v15.  [May 2014.] 

 

Hezser, Catherine.  Jewish Literacy in Roman Palestine.  In the Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism, 81.  Tubingen, Germany:  Mohr Siebeck, 2001.   

 

Hillman, Troy.  “Are Selfish Prayers Answered.  Dated:  July 6, 2010.  Part of the Veritas Ministeria website.  At:  http://thetruth-blog.blogspot.com/2010/07/are-selfish-prayers-answered.html.  [May 2014.] 

 

Hoehner, Harold W.  Herod Antipas:  A Contemporary of Jesus Christ.  Copyright 1972; edition of Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Academie Books / Zondervan Publishing House, 1980. 

 

Horton, Robert F.  The Growth of the New Testament:  A Study of the Books in Order.  Boston:  Pilgrim Press, [19--].

 

Hosler, J. O..  “What about Anointing with Oil?”  At:  http://www.napierchurch.org/ pdf/articles/bible_study/anointing_with_oil.pdf.  [July 2012.] 

 

Houdmann, S. Michael.  What does it mean to resist the devil, and why will resistance cause the devil to flee?”  At:  http://www.gotquestions.org/resist-the-devil.html.  [May 2014.] 

 

Howe, Ralph.  “Earthly—Sensual—Demonic.”  Dated October 23, 2011.  At:  http://blog.ralphhoweministries.com/?p=1494.  [May 2014.] 

 

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Hunt, Johnny.  “Judges with Evil Thoughts.”  At:  http://sermons.pastorlife.com/ members/UploadedSermons/sermon_2503.pdf.  [June 2012.] 

 

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Jackson, Wayne.  “Anointing with Oil—James 5:14.”  Part of the Christian Courier website.  At:  http://www.christiancourier.com/articles/118-anointing-with-oil-james-5-14.  [July 2012.] 

 

Jackson, Wayne.  “James 3:1—A Warning for Teachers.”  From the Christian Courier.  At:  https://www.christiancourier.com/articles/515-james-3-1-a-warning-for-teachers.  [May 2014.]

 

Johnson, Luke T.  “Friendship with God:  A Study of Discipleship in James.”  In Discipleship in the New Testament, edited by Fernando F. Segovia, 166-183.  Philadelphia:  Fortress Press, 1985. 

 

Johnson, Luke T.  The Writings of the New Testament:  An Interpretation.  Philadelphia:  Fortress Press, 1986.

 

Johnstone, Cluny Jane.  A Biometric Study of Equids in the Roman World.  PhD thesis, University of York, Department of Archaeology.  September 2004.  At:  http://www. pottoka.info/files/documentos/1225196429_1.pdf.  [April 2014.]

 

Jones, Glen.  “James 4:13—The Boast.”  Posted August 24, 2006.  At:  http://www.indefenseofthefaith.org/?p=28.  [July 2012.]

 

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Kemp, Karl.  “James Chapter 3, Verse 1 through Chapter 4, Verse 10, Part 1.”  At:  http://www.faithwriters.com/article-details.php?id=147616.  [July 2012.]

 

Kercheville, Brent.  “Anointing with Oil:  Explaining James 5:14-15.”  2006.  At:  http://westpalmbeachchurchofchrist.com/diff_quest/anointing-with-oil.html.  [July 2012.] 

 

Kercheville, Brent.  “James 3:13-18, Two Kinds of Wisdom.”  Dated July 11, 2010.  At:  http://westpalmbeachchurchofchrist.com/james/james_3_13-18.html.  [May 2014.] 

 

Kercheville, Brent.  “Patience:  Practicing Godliness.”  At:  http://westpalmbeachchurchofchrist.com/godliness/patience.html.  [July 2012.] 

 

Kercheville, Brent.  “To Whom Was 1 Peter Written?”  Part of the Christian Monthly Standard website.  At:  http://www.christianmonthlystandard.com/index.php/to-whom-was-1-peter-written/.  [December 2012.] 

 

Kerr, John H.  An Introduction to the Study of the Books of the New Testament.  Second Edition, Revised.  New York:  Fleming H. Revell Company, 1892.

 

Klijn, A. F. J.  An Introduction to the New Testament.  Translated from the Dutch by Mrs. M. van der Vathorst-Smit.  Second, revised edition.  Leiden:  E. J. Brill, 1980.

 

Kortering, J.  “Psalm Singing:  A Reformed Heritage.”  Part of the Protestant Reformed Churches website.  At:  http://www.prca.org/pamphlets/pamphlet_37.html.  [July 2012.] 

 

Kreloff, Steven A.  Timeless Truths from a Faithful Shepherd.  [N.p.]:  Xulon Press, 2011.] 

 

Kummel, Werner G.  Introduction to the New Testament.  Translated from the Fourteenth German Revised Edition.  London:  SCM Press, Ltd., 1966.

 

Larson-Miller, Lizette.  The Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick.  Collegeville, Minnesota:  Liturgical Press, 2005.

 

Laws, Sophie.  A Commentary on the Epistle of James.  In the Black’s New Testament Commentaries series.  London:  Adam & Charles Black, 1980.

 

Leahy, Thomas W.  “The Epistle of James.”  In The Jerome Biblical Commentary.  Volume 2:  The New Testament and Topical Articles.  Edited by Joseph A. Fitzmyer and Raymond E. Brown.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968.

 

Leitch, Addison H.  A Reader’s Introduction to the New Testament.  Garden City, New York:  Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1971.

 

Leman, Derek.  “Loving Lawkeeping under the Royal Law.”  Posted July 23, 2012.  Part of the Messianic Jewish Musings website.  At:  http://www.derekleman.com/musings/ loving-lawkeeping-under-the-royal-law/.  [March 2014.] 

 

Lenski, R. C. H.  The Interpretation of the Epistle to the Hebrews and of the Epistle of James.  Columbus, Ohio:  Wartburg Press, 1946.

 

Lockett, Darian.  Purity and Worldview in the Epistle of James.  Library of New Testament Studies/Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement 366.  London:  T&T Clark, 2008. 

 

Lockett, Darian.  “ ‘Unstained by the World:’  Purity and Pollution as an Indicator of Cultural Interaction in the Letter of James.”  In Reading James with New Eyes:  Methodological Reassessments of the Letter of James, edited by Robert L. Webb and John S. Kloppenborg, 49-74.  Library of New Testament Studies/Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement 342. London:  T&T Clark International, 2007.

 

Lohse, Eduard.  The Formation of the New Testament.  Translated from the third German edition by M. Eugene Boring.  Nashville:  Abingdon, 1981.     

 

Long, Jason.  “Science to the Rescue.”  Chapter 5 of Biblical Nonsense ([N.p.]:  iUniverse, 2005).  As reproduced at:  http://www.biblicalnonsense.com/chapter5.html.  [July 2012.] 

 

Luther, Martin.  Luther’s Works (Volume 35):  Word and Sacrament I.  Edited by E. Theodore Bachmann.  Philadelphia:  Muhlenberg Press, 1960.]   

 

Lyons, Eric.  “Elijah and the Drought.”  Copyright 2007.  Part of the Apologetic Press website.  At:  http://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=6&article=1444.  [July 2012.]

 

Lyons, Eric.  “Does God Tempt People?”  Part of the Apologetics Press website.  Copyright 2009.  At:  http://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx? category=6&article=2679.   [June 2012.] 

 

Mack, Burton L.  Who Wrote the New Testament?  The Making of the Christian Myth.  San Francisco, California:  Harper San Francisco:  An Imprint of Harper Collins Publishers, 1995.

 

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Martin, Ralph P.  New Testament Foundations:  A Guide for Christian Students. Volume Two:  The Acts, The Letters, the Apocalypse.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1978.

 

Martinez, Florentino G.  The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated:  The Qumran Texts in English.  Second Edition.  Leiden, the Netherlands:  Brill, 1996.  

 

Marxsen, Willi.  Introduction to the New Testament.  Translated by G. Buswell.  Philadelphia:  Fortress Press, 1968; 1980 printing.

 

Mathai, Viju.  “Two Kinds of Wisdom:  James 3.”  Dated November 7, 2013.  Part of the “Standing on the Word” website.  At:  http://vijumathai.com/articles/two-kinds-of-wisdom-james-3/.  [May 2014.]  

 

Matto, Ken.  “The Biblical Alert for Teachers.”  At:  http://www.scionofzion.com/ bibalert.htm.  [July 2012.]   

 

McCartney, Dan G.  James.  In the Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament series.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Baker Academic, 2009.

   

McDonnell, Rea.  The Catholic Epistles & Hebrews.  In the series Message of Biblical Spirituality.  Wilmington, Delaware:  Michael Glazier, 1986.

 

McKnight, Scot.  “A Parting within the Way:  Jesus and James on Israel and Purity.”  In James the Just and Christian Origins, edited by Bruce Chilton and Craig A. Evans, 83-129.  Leiden, Netherlands:  Brill, 1999.] 

 

McKnight, Scot.  The Letter of James.  In the New International Commentary on the New Testament.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2011.    

 

McNeile, A. H.  An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament.  Second Edition, revised by C. S. C. Williams.  Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1953.

 

Miller, Mark H.  “Why We Cannot Preach These are ‘the Last Days.’   From Nazarene Commentary 2000.   At:  http://www.nazarene-friends.org/articles/Why%20We%20 Cannot%20Preach%20These%20are%20The%20Last%20Days.php.  [July 2012.]

 

Miller, Timothy S.  The Orphans of Byzantium:  Child Welfare in the Christian Empire.  Washington, D.C.:  Catholic University of America Press, 2003.]   

 

Milsted, Carl S. Jr.  “The Gleaner Laws.”  At: http://www.holisticpolitics.org/Gods WelfareSystem/Gleaner.php.  2004.  [January 2014.] 

 

Mitton, C. Leslie.  The Epistle of James.  London:  Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1966.

 

Moen, Skip.  “99 and 44/100th Percent.”  Dated January 23, 2013.  Part of the website “Hebrew Word Study:  The Intent of God’s Scriptures, One Hebrew or Greek Word at a Time.”  At:  http://skipmoen.com/2013/01/23/99-and-44100th-percent/.  [May 2014.] 

 

Moo, Douglas J.  The Letter of James.  In the Pillar New Testament Commentary series.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2000.   

 

Morris, Henry.  “James 3:6.”  From the New Defenders Study Bible.  [N.p.]:  World Publishing, 2002.  Reproduced at http://www.icr.org/bible/James/3:6/.  [July 2012.]  

 

Morris, Leon.  1 Timothy-James.  In the Scripture Union Bible Study Books series.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1969.

 

Mount, Matthew.  “Book Review of the ‘Peace Making Pastor: A Biblical Guide to Resolving Church Conflict.’   Dated February 29, 2012.  At:  htpp:voices.yahoo.com/ book-review-peace-making-pastor-biblical-11024040.html?cat=48.  [June 2012.] 

 

Murray, Andrew.  “Humility.”  At:  http://www.heavenreigns.com/read/read_html/ humility/humility_13.html.  [May 2014.] 

 

NETS:  New English Translation of the Septuagint and the Other Greek Translations Traditionally Included under That Title.  Edited by Albert Pietersma and Benjamin G. Wright.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 2007.

 

Neufeld, Gerald.  “The Wisdom of Patience.”  April 6, 2008.  At:  http://www.pbcc. org/homefellowships/smallgroupquestions/james/chapter5.1-12-SN.pdf.  [July 2012.] 

 

Newman, Barclay M.  The Meaning of the New Testament.  Nashville, Tennessee:  1966.

 

Neyrey, Jerome H.  “James.”  In The Collegeville Bible Commentary.  Edited by Dianne Bergant and Robert J. Karris.  Collegeville, Minnesota:  Liturgical Press, 1989.

 

Ngo, Robin.  Rahab the Harlot:  The Wall of Jericho Yields Insights into the Home of Rahab the Harlot.”  From Bible History Daily of the Biblical Archaeological Society:  Bringing the Ancient World to Life.”  Dated September 23, 2013.  At:  http://www. biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/people-cultures-in-the-bible/people-in-the-bible/rahab-the-harlot/.  [March 2014.]  

 

Norbie, Donald L.  “Sensual Religion.”  Issue magazine (2008; Volume 63, Issue 4).  At:  http://www.preciousseed.org/article_detail.cfm?articleID=2638.  [July 2012.] 

 

Nowalk, Nick.  “Idolatry and Sexual Immorality (1):  Cause and Effect.”  Posted January 6, 2012.  Part of the Strange Triumph of the Lamb website.  At:  http://strangetriumph. wordpress.com/2012/01/06/idolatry-and-sexual-immorality-1-cause-and-effect/.  [May 2014.] 

 

Nystrom, David P.  James.  In the NIV Application Commentar series.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Zondervant Publishing House, 1997. 

 

Oakley, I. J. W..  “James 3:1-12.”  Sermon notes May 27, 1979.  At:  http://www. ivoroakley.com/Other%20NT/james_31-12.htm.  [July 2012.]

 

Oden, Charles C.  Classic Christianity:  A Systematic Theology.  New York:  HarperCollins, 1992.  Page 536.  

 

Oke, Del.  “James 5—What Measuring Rod Are You Using?”  Posted May 24, 2010.  At:  http://www.wordlibrary.co.uk/article.php?id=658.  [July 2012.]

 

Ong, S. H.  A Strategy for a Metaphorical Reading of the Epistle of James.  Lanham, Maryland:  University Press of America, 1996. 

 

Osick, Carolyn, and David L. Blach.  Families in the New Testament World:  Households and House Churches.  Louisville, Kentucky:  Westminster John Knox Press, 1997.

 

Pagach, Mike.  “How Great Civilizations Fall by Debasing Their Gold and Silver Money.”  At:  http://thenumisnetworkreview.com/943/how-great-civilizations-fall-by-debasing-their-gold-and-silver-money/.  [July 2012.] 

 

Painter, John.  “James and Peter:  Models of Leadership and Mission.”  In The Missions of James, Peter, and Paul, edited by Bruce Chilton and Craig Evans, 143-209.  Supplement to Novum Testamentum 115.  Leiden, Netherlands, Brill, 2005.   

 

Painter, John.  “James’ Message:  The Literary Record.”  In The Brothers of Jesus:  James the Just and His Mission, edited by Bruce Chilton and Jacob Neusner, 66-87.  Louisville, Kentucky:  Westminster John Knox Press, 2001. 

 

Painter, John.  “The Power of Words:  Rhetoric in James and Paul.”  In The Missions of James, Peter, and Paul, edited by Bruce Chilton and Craig Evans, 235-273.  Supplement to Novum Testamentum 115.  Leiden, Netherlands, Brill, 2005.

 

Painter, John.  “Who Was James?  Footprings as a Means of Identification.”  In The Brothers of Jesus:  James the Just and His Mission, edited by Bruce Chilton and Jacob Neusner, 10-65.  Louisville, Kentucky:  Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.

 

Palmer, Earl F.  The Book that James Wrote.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  William B. Eerdmans  Publishing Company, 1997.

 

Parry, Reginald St. John.  A Discussion of the General Epistles of St. James.  London:  C. J. Clay.  1903. 

 

Patzia, Arthur G.  The Making of the New Testament:  Origin, Collection, Text & Canon.  Downers Grove, Illinois:  InterVarsity Press, 1995.

 

Pement, Eric.  “Seven Reasons for Swearing.”  Cornerstone (volume 27, volume 115 – 1998?) as reprinted at:  http://www.pement.org/docs/swearing.htm.  [July 2012] 

 

Penner, Todd C.  The Epistle of James and Eschatology:  Re-reading an Ancient Christian Letter.  Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series 121.  Sheffield, England:  Sheffield Academic Press, Ltd., 1996.   

 

Perkins, Pheme. Reading the New Testament:  An Introduction.  Second Edition.  Mahwah, New Jersey:  Paulist Press, 1988.

 

Perrin, Norman.  The New Testament:  An Introduction--Proclamation and Parenesis, Myth and History.  New York:  Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1974.

 

Pharr, David R.  “Are There Degrees of Weal and Woe?”  Reprinted from The Spiritual Sword.   At:  http://www.charlotteavechurchofchrist.org/DPharr/articles-spsword/ degreesd.htm.  [May 2014.] 

 

Phelan, Neil M., Jr.  “Two Kinds of Wisdom.”  July 1996.  At:  http://www.harmony pbarchive.org/pastoral_letters/two_kinds_of_wisdom.html.  [May 2014.]

 

Philo of Alexandria.  The Decalogue.  Yonge’s translation.  Part of the Early Christian Writings website.  At:  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/yonge/book26.html.  [August 2012.]

 

Plumptre, E. H.  The General Epistle of St. James.  In the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges.  Cambridge:  At the University Press, 1886.

 

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Porter, John E.  Bugs of the Bible:  The Magnificence of God’s Creation as Seen through a Microscope.  Bloomington, Indiana:  CrossBooks, 2012. 

 

Prasch, Jacob.  “Judge Not?”  At:  http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/judgenot.html.  [May 2014.] 

 

Prince, Derek.  Protection from Deception:  From Earthly to Soulish to Demonic.  Excerpts selected by P. J. Miller.  At:  https://pjmiller.wordpress.com/2009/07/23/ protection-from-deception-from-earthly-to-soulish-to-demonic/.  [May 2014.]    

 

Pritchard, Ray.  “Does God Lead His Children into Temptation (Matthew 6:13)?”  A October 2009 sermon.  Part of the Keep Believing website.  At:  http://www.keep believing.com/sermon/2009-10-09-Does-God-Lead-His-Children-Into-Temptation/.  [January 2012.]

 

Pritchard, Ray.  Fire and Rain:  The Wild-Hearted Faith of Elijah.  Nashville, Tennessee:  B&H Publishing Group, 2007.]  Page 222.  

 

Quarles, Charles.  Sermon on the Mount:  Restoring Christ’s Message to the Modern Church.  NAC Studies in Bible & Theology.  Nashville, Tennessee:  B & H Publishing Group, 2011.  

 

Rae, Scott.  Moral Choices:  An Introduction to Ethics.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Zondervan, 2009.]  

 

Ramsay, William M.  The Layman’s Guide to the New Testament.  Atlanta:  John Knox Press, 1981.

 

Reagan, David.  “Anointing with Oil.”  Part of the Learn the Bible website.  At:  http://www.learnthebible.org/anointing-with-oil.html.  [July 2012.]  

 

Reicke, Bo.  The Epistles of James, Peter,and Jude.  In the Anchor Bible series.  Garden City, New York:  Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1964.

 

Rendall, Gerald H.  The Epistle of St. James and Judaic Christianity.  Cambridge:  At the University Press, 1927.

 

Reyburn, William D., and Euan McG. Fry.  A Handbook on Proverbs.  In the United Bible Societies Handbook series.  New York:  United Bible Societies, 2000. 

 

Rhein, Francis B.  Understanding the New Testament.  Revised Edition.  Woodbury, New York:  Barron’s Educational Series, Inc., 1974.

 

Rife, J. Merle.  The Nature and Origin of the New Testament.  New York:  Philosophical Library, 1975.

 

Roberts, Tom M..  “Mercy Triumphs over Judgment.”  Guardian of Truth July 19, 1990 (XXXIV: 14,  432-433).  As reprinted at:  http://www.truthmagazine.com/archives/ volume34/GOT034209.html.  [July 2012.]

 

Robertson, A. T.  Practical and Social Aspects of Christianity.  New York:  George H. Doran Company, 1915.  

 

Robinson, John A. T.  Redating the New Testament.  Philadelphia:  Westminster Press, 1976.

 

Rosenfeld, Ben-Zion and Joseph Menirav.  Markets and Marketing in Roman Palestine.  Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism volume 99.  Leiden, Netherlands:  Brill, 2005. 

 

Ross, Alan.  “Dead Idols or the Living God—Isaiah 44:6-23.”  October 29, 2004.  At:  https://bible.org/seriespage/dead-idols-or-living-god-isaiah-446-23.  [March 2014.] 

 

Rugh, Gil.  “Bible Study Notes:  Show No Partiality—James 2:1-7.”  1977-78, abridged.  At:  http://www.biblebb.com/files/gr763.htm.  [June 2012.]   

 

Rushmore, Louis.  “James in Galatians 1:19.”  Gospel Gazette Online (Volume 6, No. 5; May 2004).  At:  http://www.gospelgazette.com/gazette/2004/may/page18.htm.  [July 2012.]

 

Saint Athanasius  Academy Septuagint.  2008.  Part of the Orthodox Study Bible (NKJV New Testament).  Nashville, Tennessee:  Thomas Nelson, 2008.

 

Sanders, E. P.  “Jesus and the First Table of the Law.”   The Historical Jesus in Recent Research.  Sources for Biblical and Theological Study, Volume 10.  Edited by D. G. Dunn and Scot McKnight, 225-237.  [N.p.]:  Eisenbauns, 2005.

 

Sandmel, Samuel.  A Jewish Understanding of the New Testament.  Augmented Edition.  New York:  KTAV Publishing House, Inc./Anti-Defamation League of B’nai    B’rith, 1974.

Schneider, von Wolfgang.  “Can God Lead Into Temptation?”  Copyright 2009.  At:  http://www.biblecenter.de/bibel/widerspruch/e-wds19.php.  [June 2012.]

 

Scott, Ernest F.  The Literature of the New Testament.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 1932.

 

Seifrid, Mark A.  “The Waiting Church and Its Duty:  James 5:13-18.”  At:  http://www.sbts.edu/media/publications/sbjt/sbjt_2000fall4.pdf.   Pages 32-39. 

 

Selby, Donald J.  Introduction to the New Testament:  “The Word Became Flesh.” 

New York:  Macmillan Company, 1971.

 

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus.  Moral Epistles, translated by Richard M. Gummere.  Cambridge, Massachussetts:  Harvard University Press, 1917.  Part of the Loeb Classical Library series.  Reprinted on the internet as Seneca’s Epistles, Volume 2.  Part of the Stoic Legacy to the Renaissance web site.  At:  http://www.stoics.com/seneca_epistles_ book_2.html.  [January 2013.]   

 

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Seneca, Lucius Annaeus.  Moral Epistles.  Translated by Richard M. Gummere. The Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP, 1917-25. 3 vols.

 

Shirley, Paul.  “James 4:9.”  Part of the “Cup of Coffee Talk” website.  Dated January 10, 2007.  [May 2014.] 

 

Shoemaker, Bryan (?).  “Wrong Preoccupations—James 5:1-3.”  Dated March 29, 2012.  At:  http://www.runningafterpapa.com/?cat=86.  [July 2012.] 

 

Sidebottom, E. M.  James, Jude and 2 Peter, in the Century Bible commentary series (new edition).  Camden, New Jersey:  Nelson, 1967.

 

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Spivey, Robert A., and D. Moody Smith.  Anatomy of the New Testament:  A Guide to Its Structure and Meaning.  Fourth Edition.  New York:  Macmillan Publishing Company, 1989.

 

Sproul, R. C. (apparent author).  “The Law of Liberty.”  Part of the Lignoier Ministries.  At:  http://www.ligonier.org/learn/devotionals/law-liberty/.  [March 2014.] 

 

Stevenson, John.  “Quarrels and Conflicts:  Sources & Solutions – James 4:1-12.”  At:  http://www.angelfire.com/nt/theology/js4-01.html.  [July 2012.]

 

Stevenson, John.  “Tempering the Tongue:  James 3:1-18.”  At:  http://www.angelfire. com/nt/theology/js3.html.  [July 2012.]

 

Stott, John.  Men with a Message:  An Introduction to the New Testament and Its Writers.  Revised by Stephen Motyer.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1994.

 

Strange, James R.  The Moral World of James:  Setting the Epistle in its Greco-Roman and Judaic Environments.  New York:  Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 2010.  page 46.     

 

Stulac, George M.  James.  In the IVP New Testament Commentary series.  Downers Grove, Illinois:  InterVarsity Press, 1993. 

 

Swindoll, Charles R.  Jesus:  The Greatest Life of All.  Nashville, Tennessee:  Thomas Nelson, 2008.]  

 

Tenney, Merrill C.  New Testament Survey.  Revised Edition by Walter M. Dunnett.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company/Inter-Varsity Press, 1985.

 

Thiessen, Henry C.  Introduction to the New Testament.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1943; 1989 reprint.

 

Thomas, Geoff.  “James 2:8-13:  God’s Royal Law Gives Freedom.”  June 1998.  At:  http://www.alfredplacechurch.org.uk/Sermons/james12.htm.  [June 2012.] 

 

Thomas, Geoff.  “James 5:12—Do Not Swear.”  June 1998.  At:  http://www.alfred placechurch.org.uk/Sermons/james24.htm.  [July 2012.] 

 

Thompson, Bert.  “Does the Story of Rahab Mean that God Condones Lying?”  Part of the Apologetics Press website.  At:  http://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx? category=6&article=733.  [June 2012.]

 

Treggiari, Susan.  Roman Marriage:  Iusti Coniuges from the Time of Cicero to the Time of Ulpian.  Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1991.

 

Treierer, Daniel J.  Proverbs & Ecclesiastes. In the “Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible” series. Grand Rapids, Illinois:  Brazos Press, a division of Baker Publishing Group, 2011. 

 

Tuten (Jr.), Jimmy Tuten.  “Teacher, Consider Yourself (1).”  Truth Magazine, XVIII:2 (November 8, 1973).  As reprinted at:  http://www.truthmagazine.com/teacher-consider-thyself-i.  [July 2012.] 

 

Vanderwaal, Cornelius.  Hebrews-Revelation; volume 10 of  Search the Scriptures series.  St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada:  Paideia Press, 1979.

 

Van Pelt, Miles.  “The Old Testament God of Compassion and Mercy.”  Part of the Ligonier Ministries website.  At:  http://www.ligonier.org/learn/articles/old-testament-god-compassion-and-mercy/.  [May 2014.] 

 

Varner, William.  “Did James ‘Massage’ the Elijah Story?”  At:  http://dribex.tumblr. com/post/10803789699/did-james-massage-his-elijah-story.  [July 2012.] 

 

Varner, William.  “James 2:1-4:  Church Worship Service or Church Court?”  At:  http://dribex.tumblr.com/post/190248217.  [March 2014.] 

 

Vestrup, Eric, and JPH.  “Does God Tempt?”  Part of the Tekton Education And Apologetics Ministry website.  At:  http://www.tektonics.org/gk/godtempt.html.  [June 2012.]

 

Wachob, Wesley L.  “The Languages of ‘Household’ and ‘Kingdom’ in the Letter of James:  A Socio-Rhetorical Study.”  In Reading James with New Eyes:  Methodological Reassessments of the Letter of James, edited by Robert L. Webb and John S. Kloppenborg, 151-168.  Library of New Testament Studies/Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement 342. London:  T&T Clark International, 2007.

 

Wachob, Wesley L., and Luke T. Johnson.  “The Sayings of Jesus in the Letter of James.”  In Authenticating the words of Jesus.  Edited by Bruce Chilton and Craig A. Evans, 431-450.  Leiden, Netherlands:  Brill, 1999.    

 

Wall, Robert W.  Community of the Wise.  In the New Testament in Context series.  Valley Forge, Pennsylvania:  Trinity Press International, 1997.    

 

Walsh, Efthalia M.  “Wealthy and Impoverished Widows in the Writings of St. John Chrysostom.”  In Wealth and Poverty in Early Church and Society.  Edited by Susan R. Holman, 176-186.   Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Baker Academic, 2008. 

 

Weiss, Bernhard.  A Manual of Introduction to the New Testament.  Translated from the German by A. J. K. Davidson.  Volume Two.  New York:  Funk & Wagnalls, Publishers, 1889.

 

Williams, R. R.  The Letters of John and James.  In the Cambridge Bible Commentary:  New English Bible series.  Cambridge:  At the University Press, 1965.

 

Wilkin, Bob.  “Do Demons Really Believe?  James 2:19.”  At:  http://www.faithalone. org/news/y1992/92nov3.html.  [June 2012.]  

 

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Witherington III, Ben.  Letters and Homilies for Jewish Christians:  A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary on Hebrews, James and Jude.  Downer’s Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic, 2007.   

 

Wood, George O.  “Taming the Tongue:  James 3:1-12.”  At:  http://sermons.georgeowood.com/SiteFiles/102297/Content/James/07%20TAMING%20THE%20TONGUE.pdf.  [May 2014.]  

 

Woods, Guy N.  A Commentary on the Epistle of James.  Nashville, Tennessee:  Gospel Advocate Company, 1964; 1976 reprint.

 

Yoder, James D.  “James.”  In the Asbury Bible Commentary.  Edited by Eugene E. Carpenter and Wayne McGown.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Zondervan Publishing House, 1992.

 

Zahn, Theodor. Introduction to the New Testament.  Translated from the Third German Edition by Melancthon W. Jacobus et al.  Volume One.  Three Volumes in One (separate page numbering for each volume).  Second Edition, Revised.  New York:  Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1917.

 

Zahnd, Brian.  Unconditional?  The Call of Jesus to Radical Forgiveness.  Lake Mary, Florida:  Ministry Today Books, 2011.  

 

Zuck, Roy B., and Donald Campbell.  Basic Bible Interpretation:  A Practical Guide to Discovering Biblical Truth.  Colorado Springs, Colorado:  David C. Cook, 1991.